Tzintzuntzan, Michoacán

19.627777777778 - 101.57861111111Koordinaten: 19 ° 38 'N, 101 ° 35 ' ​​W

Tzintzuntzan, a small town and archaeological site in Mexico and especially as a former capital of the Purepecha is known. The town's name comes from the Tarascan word Ts'intsuntsani, translated this means site of hummingbirds.



Tzintzuntzan is located at 2050 meters above sea level about 15 km north of Pátzcuaro on Lake Patzcuaro, in the Mexican state of Michoacan.


The settlement was founded around 1325 by the Purepecha. After initially was the center of the Purepecha empire in Pátzcuaro, the power shifted in the mid-15th century after Tzintzuntzan. The empire continued to grow and resisted the attacks of the neighboring Aztec empire stood until the arrival of the Spaniards. The ruler in this city surrendered to the Spaniards because he wanted to avoid the fate of the Aztecs, whose capital city Tenochtitlan was destroyed. At its heyday the city had 40,000 inhabitants.

From the pre-Hispanic period, only the ruins of seven Yacatas, typical pyramids lightly stepped side walls and a floor plan formed from a rectangle and a circle on the long side are preserved today. This complex set once the ceremonial center of the ancient capital of the Purepecha dar.

Today the town is a small town that lives mainly from tourism and fishing.