- Mayan languages Chol - Tzeltal, Tzotzil Tzeltal - Tzotzil
The Tzotzil language, even Tsotsil ( Bats'i k'op ) is an indigenous language in Mexico, spoken by the ethnic group of Tzotzil of Chiapas. It is one of the Mayan languages , and is most closely related to the Tzeltal language.
The proper name is Bats'i k'op ( " original word" ) or jK'optik ( " our word ").
The language of Tzotzil, together with Tzeltal and Ch'ol a group within the Mayan languages descended from Proto - Ch'ol, a language that was spoken in the cities of the Late Classic Period of Mayan culture Palenque and Yaxchilan like.
Today's sociolinguistic situation
Tzotzil is one of the most vital indigenous languages in Mexico. The number of target languages Tzotzil takes a percentage greater than the total population of Mexico. In the census in 2010 in Mexico reported 429 168 persons from 3 years to speak Tzotzil. Of these, at 258 767, or 60.30 %, to also speak Spanish. With nearly 40% of monolingual Tzotzil has one of the highest proportions among the indigenous languages of Mexico. 88 165 children 3-9 years spoke Tzotzil, which accounts for over 3 years 20.54 % of all Tzotzil speakers, while 14.71 % of the total population of Mexico from 3 years are 3-9 years old.
In the municipality of Chamula spoke 69 475 of 69 796 persons from 3 years, ie 99.54 %, the indigenous language. 41 736 persons or 59.80 % spoke Spanish. Of all the 15,853 children in Chamula 3-9 years 15,699 or 99.03 % spoke their indigenous language, 14,242 or 89.84 % of these children did not speak Spanish.
In the municipality of 32 323 of 32 611 Zinacantán spoke persons from 3 years, ie 99.11 %, the indigenous language. 16,929 persons or 51.91 % spoke Spanish. Of all the 7,048 children in Zinacantán 3-9 years 6,957 or 98.71 % spoke their indigenous language, 5,851 of these children, or 83.02 % spoke Spanish.