Ü -Tsang is a compound term that represents the two culturally important regions of Tibet as a semantic unit: the old (cultural) province Ü ( Tib. dbus ) with its capital Lhasa and the subsequent further west province of Tsang (Tibetan gtsang ) with based in Shigatse.

Due to their importance to the cultural history of Tibet has for most the term central Tibet naturalized in the West, even if these areas are purely geographical rather located in the south of the Tibetan highlands. In fact, the sway of the Dalai Lama was in the last centuries with Ü -Tsang usually more or less meant the had quite different proportions, which is why the borders to the neighboring regions of Ngari in the west, the Chang Tang in the north, Lhokha ( tib; , Southern Region ') were fluent in the Himalayas bordering the south and Kham in the east.