U3 (Vienna U-Bahn)
The underground line U3 belongs to the network of the Vienna U -Bahn stations and 21 runs at a current route length of approximately 13.5 kilometers of. It runs in east-west direction from the station Ottakring over the center of Vienna Simmering station. The average travel time between the two terminal stations is 25 minutes.
The U3 is the youngest and busiest subway line in Vienna, where the distance between West train station and highway is most busy. It runs with the exception of stations Ottakring and Erdberg completely underground. The groundbreaking ceremony for the construction of the U3 took place in 1983, the first section was opened in 1991, the last in December 2000. This metro line is considered complete, extensions and renewals are not currently provided signal color is orange.
From Ottakring to Westbahnhof
The U3 begins in high position on Ottakring Station and runs parallel to the tracks of the ÖBB in the south. Just before the station Kendlerstraße ends of the aboveground part of the U3 in the 16th district. After the route has driven under the limit for the 14th District in the Steinbruchgasse, begins a slight left turn, followed by the station Hütteldorferstraße. After the station is followed by a further slight curve to the left; the U3 drives from height Beckmanngasse, which also represents the district boundary to the 15th district, just below the Meiselstraße the east. It follows the station John Street. In a slight S- curve, the station Schweglerstraße is. According to the Western Railway Station, where the line is crossed U6 and the starting point of numerous national and international rail routes, the U3 passes under his belt, and thus the limit of 15 district for 6th and 7th district.
From Westbahnhof to highway
Now, the line passes under the Mariahilferstraße on the border between Mariahilf and new construction. Here are the stations Ziegler and Neubaugasse with platforms are in two storeys with each other. After church street in the 7th district, the route takes a slight left curve and now extends further north to the station folk theater between the ring and the two- line. Here U2 is crossed. After this station, which is already to a large extent in the 1st district, passes under the subway in a right the people's garden. The next stop is the station Herrngasse. After this station the U3 swings back to the right and then moves below the trench, which ends on Stephansplatz. Here is the same station in the center of Vienna, where the line is crossed U1. The route continues under the 1st district; the last stop of the U3 in the inner city is the Stubentor the room ring. After this the U3 moves below the city park and crosses in the field of Stubenbrücke the Vienna River, which forms the border between the 1st and the 3rd District. It follows with the shortest distance between two stations of the station, the station U3 country road with 503 meters distance to Stubentor. The U3 Station is lower than that of the U4 line to which you can change here. This station is also used by the S-Bahn.
From road to Simmering
The route continues under the country Hauptstrasse. After Rochusgasse the route runs straight under the Hainburgerstraße. Here are the station Kardinal-Nagl -Platz and the station Schlachthausgasse. After another slight S- curve moves below the U3 Thomas- Klestil Square, named after former Federal President Thomas Klestil, and then joins the former terminus Erdberg for the first time since the beginning of the tunnel in the 16th district back to the surface. The line runs parallel to the Erdbergstraße on, the route leads past the operating station Erdberg, descends again into the tunnel, and then take a right turn at the end of the Gasometer station is located in the 11th district. It follows the station Zippererstraße followed by a left turn. The Simmering main road will pass under. The penultimate station is located at Enkplatz. From here the route runs parallel to the U3 Simmering main road slightly offset to the terminus Simmering is achieved.
The U3 is a pure new line. Plans for this line already existed since the 1960s. In the course of building the U1 Stephansplatz the platforms of the U3 were helped build already under construction. Only in the 1980s, the U3 has begun construction. The first section of this line of Erdberg folk theater was opened on April 6, 1991. The U3 is thus the youngest line in the Vienna U- Bahn network. In 1993 the line was extended to the Western Train Station and at the same time the two trains running through the inner Mariahilferstraße to Burgring tram lines shortened to 52 and 58 to Westbahnhof. Today, this decision will be viewed critically, since the U3 recorded their strongest utilization precisely in this section. In 1994, the next section of the U3 between Westbahnhof and John Street was opened. Only four years later, the section of the road followed John to Ottakring Station, bringing the U3 had reached its western terminus.
In 2000, in time for the turn of the millennium, the U3 was also extended to the east to its present terminus Simmering. Currently, no further extensions in planning, but there are claims by various local politicians to extend the U3 from Simmering on the central cemetery to Kaiserebersdorf. A special feature in the network of the Vienna U -Bahn U3 represent the stations Stubentor, Stephansplatz, Neubaugasse and Ziegler alley, where the tracks and platforms are aligned.
Typical of this line are often artistically designed stations. This is all about contemporary art, including works by Anton Lehmden, Frohner, Oswald Oberhuber and the video artist Nam June Paik. In some stations also archaeological finds to the Vienna city's history can be seen.