UEFA Europa League
The UEFA Europa League after UEFA Champions League second most important organized by UEFA European Football Cup competition for club teams. This was established in 1971 under the name of the UEFA Cup to German UEFA Cup, as a third European Cup competition ( EC3 ) and merged with the discontinued European Cup Winners' Cup 1999/2000. It received its present name after the 2008 /09 season. The competition involves in its current form, a three- round qualifying stage, a play- off round and the main competition, which consists of a group stage and five subsequent knockout rounds. The winner plays since 2000 against the winner of the UEFA Champions League at the UEFA Super Cup and will get a starting place in the UEFA Champions League the following season from the 2014/15 season.
Record winner with three titles are Inter Milan, Juventus and Liverpool.
- 6.1 Rankings
- 6.2 Record Player
- 6.3 highest wins
As a forerunner of the UEFA Cup is considered the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, in which teams played as representatives of trade fair cities. After this competition was set in 1971, the UEFA UEFA Cup brought to life. Unlike the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup teams from all member countries and all places were able to participate here. In addition, the participation of the League position was conditional.
First UEFA Cup winners in 1972 Tottenham Hotspur. In the 1970s, German, Dutch and Belgian clubs dueled with the British to win the title. Between 1968 and 1984 broke through with Juventus in 1977 only once a southern European club 's dominance of teams from the north. This changed after the mid-1980s. After the two consecutive victories of Real Madrid began in 1989 with the triumph of Napoli 's winning streak of the Italians. In eleven years of Italian clubs were eight times successfully. Solo Inter Milan picked up at this time three times the trophy.
In 1995, UEFA's Fair Play competition. Since then, the three fairest associations of the preseason is in each case to an additional starting place in the first qualifying round of the competition. Each National Federation has the task of leading a national fair play rankings, from which the respective fair play participants is determined.
Since the decision, the higher-ranking European Cup Winners' Cup ( EC2 ) abolish, qualified from the 1999/2000 season to the respective European Cup Winners also for the UEFA Cup. Previously, only the FC Porto in the 2010/11 season win as a Cup winner.
In 2000, then secured with a Turkish club Galatasaray for the first time a European Cup title. Since 2005, three teams from the former Soviet Union have won the UEFA Cup: CSKA Moscow, Zenit St Petersburg and Shakhtar Donetsk. The Sevilla FC won in 2006 and 2007, the UEFA Cup and defend the title it - this was previously only Real Madrid succeeded in 1985 and 1986.
After the season 2008/2009 was the second major change of the competition. With the aim to upgrade the UEFA Cup, and to approach, especially in terms of advertising and sponsorship revenues of the Champions League, the UEFA Cup was renamed the UEFA Europa League. At the same time the competition has been fundamentally changed. For details, see section game mode.
Participation is open to all trophy winners of all 53 UEFA member associations. In addition, up to three teams participating, which in the final table of their league places behind which prove that entitle the holder to participate in the UEFA Champions League. In any case, each reigning Europa League winner gets the chance to defend his title, unless he competes in the high-order Champions League. In addition, the three winners of the Fair Play rankings each receive one additional place in the first qualifying round.
An exception is Liechtenstein. As the Principality has no league of its own operation ( Liechtenstein associations occur in leagues Association of Switzerland at ) replaces only the domestic cup winners for the Principality. Theoretically, it is conceivable that an association could be solved by a successful performance in the Swiss league another ticket. The answer is the one the generally weak skill level of the Liechtenstein clubs, on the other a special agreement with the SFA that Liechtenstein clubs waive the event of a successful cutting in the Swiss league for their participation. In such a case, a Swiss club would put on the free space.
England and France to send in addition to the National Federation Cup winner and the winner of the League Cup in the European Cup. In these two nations so are not each a place on the league table, provided that the winners of the League Cup did not qualify for the Champions League.
How many teams which nations will be allowed depends firstly on the placement in the five-year evaluation, on the other hand the current qualifying format. This mode also determines which in-game round in the competition enter the respective participants. Find, at least in details here instead of annual adjustments.
Currently, only the defending champion and since the 2012/13 season, the Cup Winners' Cup top six associations are directly qualified for the group stage. By this measure, the UEFA expects a further increase in revenues from the marketing rights. All other participants start first in the 4-level qualification phase, emerge from the 31 successful teams. These 38 teams have 10 losing teams come out of the play-offs of the Champions League. In addition, the eight third in the group stage of the UEFA Champions League may go into the third round. Of these succeeded Galatasaray Istanbul (1999/2000), Feyenoord Rotterdam (2001/ 02), CSKA Moscow (2004/ 05), Shakhtar Donetsk ( 2008/ 09), Atlético Madrid (2009/ 10) and Chelsea (2012 / 13) to win the UEFA Cup and the UEFA Europa League.
To qualify a domestic cup winners for the Champions League ( qualification ), the losing Cup finalist will have a starting place in the European Cup. While a cup winner has basically right on the best available starting place in the Europa League, gets a participating Cup finalist basically assigned to the worst place. However, a preserved over the fair play contest additional launch site remains unconsidered. Participants who have reached their starting right about the league table shall be classified according to their league placement. If the cup winner of his league placement for the Europa League is qualified, so not the Cup finalist, but another league -placed receives the free space. If both Cup finalists already qualified internationally, the ticket also passes to the next league representative. Also unterklassige teams can qualify to take national cup round for the Europa League.
A winning a European Cup title, leads to only one other device space, if the club in question could not otherwise qualify for one of the two competitions.
Where a club sporting the requirements for participation in the competition, then the UEFA reserves the right to pre- license check and the team may not be allowed. Since 2004, it came from licensing reasons for the following 29 exclusions from UEFA Cup or UEFA Europa League:
Qualification German teams
The Bundesliga is currently receiving three starting places in the Europa League. The DFB Cup winner qualifies directly for the group stage. The League Fifth participates in the play-off round, the sixth- climbing a lap earlier, in Qualifying Round 3, in a competition. In addition, qualified fourth in the Bundesliga for the group stage, if he fails in the play-off round of the UEFA Champions League. Should the DFB Cup winner simultaneously qualify for the Champions League, moves the losing finalist after, but not directly in the Europa League, but in the qualifying round, as the participating for the Cup Winners' Cup finalist basically gets the worst available boot space. The direct number is then reserved the fifth in the Bundesliga. If both Cup finalists qualify for the international competition, the Bundesliga Fifth likewise gives direct grid position and Bundesliga Seventh moved into the qualifying round after. If the cup winners have already qualified via the league table for the Europa League, the finalist will have no starting place, as already participates in a team as representative of the cup competition. Also in this case moves to the table for the Seventh qualification.
Intermediate considerations to revalue the German League Cup and analogous to England and France to award the winner a spot in the Europa League (this would be a starting place on the league table omitted), were discarded; the League Cup is currently no longer discharged.
Qualification Austrian teams
In Austria Bundesliga Second and third in the second qualifying round, the OFB Cup winner at the 3rd qualifying round take part. If appropriate, the Master rises in the play-offs, or group stage, if he reached the third qualifying round or the play-offs for the UEFA Champions League and there subject.
Qualification Swiss Teams
In Switzerland, the Second- and third-placed start in the second qualifying round. The cup winner takes part in the 3rd qualifying round. Subject to the master, if necessary, in the third qualifying round or in the play-offs for the UEFA Champions League, as he takes part in the play-offs or the group stage.
Since the beginning of the 2004/05 season, there are also in the UEFA Cup group phase, while were played exclusively knockout rounds in previous years. First contested after two qualifying rounds 80 teams in return game, the first main round. Subsequently, the 40 winning teams contributed to the group stage into eight groups of five teams, but only one half of the season was held, in which each team exactly one match against each other and completed a total of twice had home advantage. The first three teams in each group came along with the eight third out of the Champions League in the next round. The " Round of " was so drawn in that group winner on third placed runners-up and met with the eight third- placed out of the Champions League. Teams from the same association football could not play against each other. From the second round, there were at the draws no more restrictions.
For the 2009/10 season, a new game mode has been introduced. The discharged in the preparatory period for the new season Intertoto Cup ( short Intertoto Cup ) was dissolved and integrated into the significantly expanded qualification phase for the Europa League. Also qualifying for the UEFA Champions League has been changed so that now can more teams than before, " descend " from the higher competition in the Europa League and play here on. The first main round was renamed to the play -off round and marks the end of the qualifying stage. The Main Round ( UEFA Name: Round 1 ) now begins only with the group stage. This now includes 48 participants who compete in twelve groups of four teams in home and away matches against each other.
To determine the rankings in the final table, the points gained are crucial. Then the following criteria in this order are compared: points scored in a direct comparison, goal difference in the direct comparison of away goals scored in the direct comparison, total goal difference, total number of goals scored away goals, club rating UEFA five year ranking.
The group winners and runners qualify along with the third- placed teams from the Champions League for the knockout round. In the " Round of " ( UEFA Name: Round 2) form the twelve group winners along with the four best - CL participants the " upper half ", and will be drawn against the twelve runners plus four poorer CL- participants. A renewed encounter between two opponents in the group is just as impossible as purely national meetings. From the second round there at the draws no more restrictions.
Since 1998, the winner of the competition is determined in a single playoff on an already prior to the competition set by the UEFA venue. Previously, there was also the finale of Return game in their own stadium in the finalists. In addition to the sporting reputation of the competition for the participating teams on the basis of the television money is lucrative. Also generally discharged additional sponsorship money because of the expanded coverage, in which, despite all the efforts of the UEFA sums as it circulates in the Champions League, are far from being achieved.
The winner of the UEFA Europa League receives for a year donated by UEFA is, on which the name of the winning team will be engraved. The 15 -pound trophy, which is made of silver and perched on a yellow marble base, designed by Swiss artist Alex Diggelmann and manufactured in 1972 by the Milanese company Bertoni. The octagonal cup which has no handles, unlike the Champions League trophy is supported above the base by a group of stylized soccer player. The Cup itself is the logo of UEFA. Originally said the UEFA rules that a club which competition three consecutive times or five times but was able to win, must keep the original permanent and a new trophy for the following competitions would be created. However, this is in contrast to the Champions League so far no team has managed, so is still the original statue from 1972 in circulation. According to the current rules of the original trophy, which is used for the trophy presentation remains, now permanently property of UEFA. The winner will receive a full size replica of the winners trophy and the UEFA Europa League. A club which has won the competition three consecutive times or five times in total, receives an unspecified by UEFA ' special mark of recognition '. Then begins the count for this club again at zero.
In the 2012/13 season, each club, which reached the group stage got an appearance fee in the amount of 1.3 million euros. Teams who failed in the first three qualifying phases or the play-off round, were uniformly 100,000 euros. A victory in the group stage was rewarded with 200,000 euros, a draw with 100,000 euros. As a bonus, the group winners were 400,000, the runners paid 200,000 euros. In addition there were the entrance fees of the home games.
For each knockout round reaching the clubs were each paid: Between Round 200,000 euros, 350,000 euros knockout round, quarter-finals and semi-finals 450,000 euros 1 million euros. The cup winner was 5 million euros, and the runners had to settle for 2.5 million euros. A club could best earn 9.9 million euros in premiums of a total of 125.25 million euros in fixed payments. These game premiums were still making money from the so-called market pool, which was fed primarily from the TV money. The market pool was first divided according to " market value " (or sum that could be taken for the award of the national television rights ) to the individual nations, and then divided according to advancement of the associations among the participants of this nation. For the 2012/13 season the market pool for the Europa League was 83.5 million euros.
By comparison, the Champions League winner will receive 37.4 million euros and in addition also significantly higher revenue from 409.6 million euros "heavy" market pool.
In the history of the UEFA Europa League won 25 different clubs for the title. The most successful Juventus, Inter Milan and Liverpool, who won three titles. Two teams triumphed in their first participation: Tottenham Hotspur ( 1971/72 at the first discharge ) and Liverpool (1972 /73). 14 times managed a club to win the Europa League and the national championship in the same year. The Liverpool FC, IFK Göteborg and FC Porto it was even twice. The other eight teams were Feyenoord, Borussia Mönchengladbach, Juventus, PSV Eindhoven, Real Madrid, Galatasaray, FC Valencia and CSKA Moscow. The additional profit of the national cup competition - and thus the treble of championships, the national cup and Europa League - so far managed four clubs: IFK Gothenburg, Galatasaray Istanbul, CSKA Moscow and FC Porto even twice. Triple A special kind of reaching Liverpool, in 2001, not English champions but won the UEFA Cup next to both the FA Cup and the English League Cup. Were able to defend their title in 1986 and 2007, the Real Madrid Sevilla FC.
So far, teams from eleven countries win the competition. The clubs from Italy lead with nine successes to read. With seven titles, the Spanish and English clubs on rank 2 are the German clubs who triumphed six times. Then the clubs from the Netherlands follow with four titles.
The most successful with three title wins player of the competition are Ray Clemence, who won it in 1973 and 1976 with Liverpool, and in 1984 with Tottenham Hotspur, Dino Baggio, 1993, with Juventus in 1995 and 1999 with the AC Parma victorious, and in 1991 1994 and 1998 with Inter Milan successful Giuseppe Bergomi and Nicola Berti.
The statistics of the player with the highest stakes in the competition will also be led by Giuseppe Bergomi. He denied 1979-1999 Inter Milan a total of 96 games.
Most overall goals scored by the Swede Henrik Larsson with 31 hits. Most goals in one season pass Radamel Falcao (FC Porto ), who with 17 goals surpassing the old record of 15 years Juergen Klinsmann (Bayern Munich ) from 15 matches in the 2010/11 season. Fabrizio Ravanelli ( 1994 Juventus against Sofia) and Daniel Fonseca ( 1992 Naples against Valencia ) hold with 5 gates the record for the most goals in a game. Four goals in a game achieved, among other things Radamel Falcao, Luca Toni, Alan Smith, Demis Nikolaidis, Jürgen Klinsmann, Ronaldo, Edgar Schmitt and Anthony Yeboah.
The biggest win in the competition ever celebrated Ajax Amsterdam in the 1984/85 season with 14-0 against the Red Boys Differdange. The highest success after return games also managed a Dutch team against a Luxembourg Team: Feyenoord scored in competition at the 1972/73 season 21:0 goals against U.S. Rumelange.