Ufa Governorate

The government Ufa (Russian Уфимская губерния / Ufimskaja Gubernija ) was an administrative unit of the Russian Empire at the southern end of the Ural Mountains. It is similar in area and location of the modern Bashkortostan. Limited it was by following Nachbargouvernements (from north clockwise): Vyatka, Perm, Orenburg, Samara and Kazan.

It had 122,018 km ², was capital Ufa

Having already had passed a 1781-1796 governorship in Ufa, the area was in 1865 removed from the Gouvernment Orenburg and existed until the establishment of the Bashkir ASSR 1919.

It was divided into the following Ujesde (circles):


The government had 1897 2.196.642 inhabitants.

Of these, 834 135 were Russians, Bashkirs 899 910 ( plus 39 955 Teptjaren ) 184 817 Tatars, Cheremises 80 608, 60 616 Chuvash, Mordvins 37 289, 22 507 and 20 957 Votiaks Meschtscherjaken.

There was among the population, a slight majority of Muslims, Orthodox Christians accounted for approximately 43% of.

The harvest yielded 1905 tons: 693 392 rye, wheat, 204 819, 109 946 spelled, millet 85 739, 75 128 buckwheat, peas 40,016, oats 484 259, 176 939 potatoes. At cattle were counted in 1904: 700,000 horses, 820,000 cattle, 1.508 million sheep, 200,000 goats and 130,000 pigs. Major lines of business were fishing and hunting. The forests provided except shipbuilding wood bast, potash, pitch, tar and carbon monoxide. The mining industry preferably supplied iron ore; 1902, 110.536 tons of pig iron was produced in the smelting works. The most important industrial enterprise was the iron factory in Zlatoust. In addition, the industry was poorly developed ( 1900: 152 commercial establishments with 14.691 workers and 7.3 million rubles production value) and was mainly limited to flour milling, distillery and the like. The trade sales mainly woodwork, animal skins, hides and honey.