Ukrainian Premier League
The Premjer - Liha (Ukrainian Прем'єр - ліга, Premjer - Liha ) is the highest division in the Ukrainian football. The league was founded in 1991 and currently consists of 16 teams. Since 1996, the Wyschtscha Liha and Perscha Liha ( second highest division) of the " Professional Football League " were ( Професіональна футбольна ліга, Professionalna Futbolna Liha, PFL) led. The PFL consists of 67 professional football clubs with 78 teams. Some clubs are represented by several teams in the professional sector. Since 2008, the Premjer - Liha is an independent organization. She also wore to 2008, based on the former Soviet Wysschaja League, the name Wyschtscha Liha.
Acting Master 's FC Shakhtar Donetsk, which has six fewer exhibit with seven league titles as giants Dynamo Kiev. Besides these two clubs could only Tawrija Simferopol win a championship. Only four clubs, Dynamo Kiev, Shakhtar Donetsk, Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk and Simferopol Tawrija and have participated in all previous seasons.
On July 6, 2009, the Ukrainian National Court declared the statutes of Premjer - Liha incompatible with the laws of the country, dissolved the League and declared all sweeps since the 1996 reform leagues invalid.
The 16 teams will play in the course of a season twice against each other; once at home and once away. Thus, each team will play 30 games per season. The season begins in mid- July and ends mid May. At the end of the first round followed by climatic reasons a three-month winter break from early December to early March. Thus, in contrast to most European leagues, the winter break is longer than the summer break. By season's end, the two last -placed teams relegated.
An exception was the first season in 1992, which lasted only six months. The last season of the first Soviet League ended in fall 1991. Ukrainian Football Federation, however, decided to switch the course of the season from the calendar year to an autumn - spring mode. In the first season, 20 teams were divided into two groups of ten teams that played against each other twice. The two group winners determined in a final Master. After this transitional season of today's mode was introduced. In recent years, the number of participants varied between 14, 16 and 18 in the last four years, the number of participants leveled off at 16.
With the season 2005/06 was introduced "Golden Game ". If the first two teams are equal on points at the end of the season, a "golden game" between these two teams will be played such. In the very first season was such a game is necessary. Shakhtar Donetsk beat Dynamo Kiev 2-1 after extra time.
At the Premjer - Liha 2013/14 following teams take part:
- Arsenal Kiev
- Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk
- Dynamo Kiev
- FC Hoverla Uzhhorod
- Illitschiwez Mariupol
- Karpaty Lviv
- Metalist Kharkiv
- Metalurh Donetsk
- Metalurh Zaporizhia
- PFK Sevastopol ( climber )
- Shakhtar Donetsk ( defending champion )
- Zorya Luhansk
- Tawrija Simferopol
- Chernomorets Odessa
- Volyn Lutsk
- Vorskla Poltava
Past champions and Scorers
Past champions and runners
Status: End of Season 2012/13
UEFA five year ranking
Position in the UEFA five year ranking ( in parentheses the last year placement). The abbreviation CL and EL countries behind the coefficients indicate the number of representatives in the 2014/15 season of the Champions League and the Europa League.
- 05 (05) Portugal (league, cup ) - Coefficient: 59.168 - CL: 3, EL: 3
- 06 (06) France France ( League, Cup, League Cup) - coefficient: 59,000 - CL: 3, EL: 3
- 07 (09) Ukraine (league, cup ) - Coefficient: 49.758 - CL: 2, EL: 4
- 08 (07) Russia Russia (league, cup ) - Coefficient: 46.332 - CL: 2, EL: 4
- 09 (08 ) Netherlands Netherlands (league, cup ) - Coefficient: 44.729 - CL: 2, EL: 4
As of the end of the European campaign of 2012/13