Umba River (Russia)
Umba Podinza rapids
Template: Infobox River / Obsolete
The Umba (Russian Умба ) is a 123 km long river on the Kola Peninsula in the Murmansk Oblast (Russia).
The river has its source in the lake Umbosero, 100 km north-east of Kandalakscha, between the Chibinen Massif and the Lovozero tundra on the Kola Peninsula. From there, the Umba flows south through a hilly forest landscape. There is a change between rapids and calmer stretches of the river. It flows through several lakes, the largest of which is Lake Kanosero ( ⊙ 67.03950434.122945 ). This he leaves by means of two 5 km distant from each other drains - the Kiza and Rodwinga. The latter splits again into another Abflussarm on, the Nisma. Kiza and Rodwinga reunite in the lake Pontschosero ( 66.86980334.340143 ⊙ ), where the river then called Umba. The Nisma flows a few kilometers further effluent back into the main river. The Umba opens into the Kandalakscha Bay near the village of Umba. The largest tributary of the River Umba is the Wjala, which flows out of the lake Wjalosero and about 15 km upstream of the estuary flows into the sea of the Umba. The catchment area of 6250 km ² comprises Umba. In Pajalka, 3.7 km upstream of the mouth, the average discharge is 80 m³ / s
The Umba is known as a suitable river for salmon fishing. Together with the Warsuga it was the first river on the Kola Peninsula, which was developed in the early 1990s for the fishing tourism for foreigners. However, the number of salmon has declined in recent years - a result of poaching by the local population, which is struggling with a massive unemployment and the easy accessibility of the river by roads along its course.
The Umba is also used for timber floating.