? Umeå / i [ ʉ ː meo ː ] (local dialect: [ ʉ ː mə ] ) is a town in the Swedish province of Västerbotten County Västerbotten and historical. Umeå is located at the mouth of the Ume River älv the Gulf of Bothnia, and is the residence of the province and capital of the municipality of the same name.
Umeå is the biggest city in Norrland and the twelfth largest in Sweden with 79 594 inhabitants in the year 2010. Population has more than doubled in the last 50 years, which makes Umeå to one of the fastest growing cities in Sweden. The municipality of Umeå had 2011 115.229 inhabitants in the year. Purpose of the church is 2050 to grow to 200,000 inhabitants.
Umeå is also the city of birches called, since after a devastating fire in 1888, about 3,000 birches were planted in the urban area. It is to Luleå Sweden's northernmost university city with two universities and a total of about 37,000 students.
2010 Umeå was selected together with Riga as the European Capital of Culture 2014. On 31 January 2014, the go-ahead for the European Capital of Culture in Umeå, which includes amongst others, the patrons of Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel arrived.
Umeå received city rights in 1588, the founding of the city near the church of Umeå and the associated trading venue fell through, however. 1622 another attempt was made, but not until around 1640, the city began to develop. Umeå was the residence of the province of Västerbotten. In the Great Northern War in the early 18th century, the city was burned down in 1714 by Russian troops. She recovered but after that and had about 1,000 inhabitants around 1800. In 1809, the last military battles were near the city fought on Swedish soil and the city conquered again by the Russians.
In 1885, Umeå had 2,930 inhabitants. A fire on June 25, 1888 destroyed the city again. 2,500 of the 3,000 residents lost their homes. The birch tree-lined avenues, for which the city is famous since then have been created after the fire in order to impede the spread of the flames. The city is therefore known as the "City of Birches " in Sweden. Today in Umeå are around 3000 birches. Due to the northern location, they suggest only from about 25 May and lose their leaves again in the second half of September.
In the 20th century, the city developed into a service and cultural center for the northern Norrland, in connection with the establishment of the University of Umeå in 1965.
Coat of arms
The first coat of arms Umeå consisted of three reindeer heads and plunged twenty years after the city was founded in 1622 on. 1646 Queen Kristina certain that the city should carry their heads as coat of arms. The design has been slightly changed up to the present time, but there were always three heads. They have their origin in the coat of arms of the historic landscape Västerbotten, representing a reindeer.
Umeå has a temperate to cold temperate climate. Proximity to the sea affects the climate, so that the summer and winter are milder than inland.
Umeå has several museums, including the Sculpture Park Umedalen, the open air museum Gammlia, which also houses the Provincial Museum ( County Museum ), as well as the image of the Museum of Contemporary Art and Visual Culture ( Bildmuseet Umeå ), which is moved in May 2012 to the Arts Campus at Umeå University.
The region is not only because of the city generously landscaped bike paths for cycling. Inter alia leads the Sverigeleden 4 ( Rusksele - Holmsund with 195 km) through the city. Furthermore, there are in the region of nature reserves, hiking trails, cross-country skiing, the picturesque archipelago on the coast as well as further opportunities for winter sports.
Education and Science
In September of 1965 in Umeå in Sweden at the time fifth university, Umeå University ( Umeå universitet ) inaugurated. It originated from the previously established Medical School. The rank as Sweden's northernmost University of Umeå retained until the 1990s, when Luleå Technical University was founded. Besides the University of Umeå, a location of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences ( SLU) exists in the city.
Umeå is an important service center for northern Sweden. In Umeå there are not only the municipality but also the provincial administration and the administration of the County Council. Furthermore, also government and military authorities are in Umeå. The University and the University Hospital of Norrland Universitetssjukhus are among the major employers in the city.
Umeå is located on the European routes 4 and 12, the latter begins at 18 km south harbor Holmsund and performs on the Scandes to Norway. Both roads are managed in the south of the city with the Kolbäck bridge over the Ume älv.
In Alvik district, approximately 4.5 kilometers south of downtown, there is an airport since 1962; also the city via the railway line Vännäs is - connected ground - Holmsund to the main railway line between Stockholm. From the port Holmsund there are daily ferry services to Vaasa in Finland. By the end of August 2010 was built to Umea with the Botniabana a railway line from Nyland in the municipality of Kramfors. Because of this, an additional station ( travel center ) was in the east of the city, at the University Hospital, built.
Umeå is known for an active music scene, particularly those from the city's many hardcore bands, as their most important Refused applies. Among the other bands from Umeå, for example, AC4, Cult of Luna, Final Exit, The ( International) Noise Conspiracy, Khoma, Meshuggah, Naglfar, Nocturnal Rites and The Perishers find.
The opera Norrlandsoperan located in Umeå and is among other things Venue of the MADE Festival, a festival of music, dance and culture, led in 2012 by musician David Moss. Other music festivals in Umeå are the Umeå Jazz Festival, Umeå Open, Umeå Kulturnatta, Umefolk, and the Visfestival on the island Holmön. In addition, there is also the Umeå film festival.
Umeå in Sweden is also known as the center of vegans and Straight Edge movement of the 1990s.
Umea is 2014 European Capital of Culture.
The most famous sports clubs from Umeå are the women's soccer team Umeå IK, which repeatedly won the Swedish championship and the UEFA Cup and was from 2004 to 2008 home club of the Brazilian World Player Marta, and the hockey team IF Björklöven, which was very successful in the 1980s.
Other sports clubs are:
- Football Ladies Umeå IK
- Mariehem SK
- Umeå FC
- Ersboda SK
- Hockey IF Björklöven
- Volleyball IKSU - Ladies and Gentlemen
- IFK Umeå
Umeå is divided into five major districts, which are subdivided into smaller neighborhoods ( stadsdelar ). The districts are Centrala Umeå, the center, and Umeå Östra, Norra Umeå, Umeå and Västra Umeå Södra, which are named after the cardinal points east, north, west and south.
- Centrala Umeå is divided into the districts of Centrum, Aus på Stan, Väst på Stan, Östermalm and Öbacka beach, which is in the planning.
- Norra Umeå: Västra Ersboda, Östra Ersboda, Sandbacka, Haga, Umestan, Gammlia, Marienberg, Mariedal
- Västra Umeå: baking, Umedalen, Grisbacka, Grubbe, Rödäng, Västerslätt, Västerhiske
- Umeå Södra: Teg, Väst - Teg, East- Teg, Böleäng, Röbäck, Röbäcksdalen, Öhn
- Umeå Östra: Ålidhöjd, Ålidhem, Mariehem, Universitetsområdet, Olofsdal, Berghem, Marie beach, Nydalahöjd, Carlshem, Sofiehem, Tomtebo, Gimonäs
- Germany Wuerzburg, Germany (since 1992)
- Norway Harstad, Norway
- Russia Petrozavodsk, Russia
- Finland Vaasa, Finland
- Denmark Helsingor, Denmark
- Canada Saskatoon, Canada
- Iran Kashan, Iran
- United Kingdom Oxford, United Kingdom
Sons and daughters of the town
- Thommy Abrahamsson, hockey player
- Karl Backman, musicians and artists
- Kristofer Berglund, hockey player
- Eva Dahlgren, singer and author
- Per Elofsson, cross-country skiers
- Mikael Jansson, politician and former party chairman of the Sverigedemokraterna
- Stieg Larsson, journalist and author
- Hanna Ljungberg, soccer player
- Dennis Lyxzén, singers and musicians
- Anja Parson, skier
- Maria Pietilä - Holmner, skier
- Ola Ullsten, politician and diplomat
- Tove Styrke, singer