Unirea is a town in Alba county in Transylvania, Romania. Parish seat is Unirea I ( outdated Vintu de Sus; Oberwinz German, Hungarian Felvinc ).
The place is also known under the outdated names Romanian Felvinţ and Vint; the German top wine village and Winzendorf; the Hungarian Aranyosvinc and Vinc known.
Unirea is located in the north of Alba County in the same stream Unirea - a right tributary of the Mureş ( Maros ) -, in the west of the Transylvanian Basin. On the European road E 81 and the railroad Alba Iulia Târgu Mureş, the place is 4 km west of Ocna Mures ( Mures Hall ); the county capital Alba Iulia ( Charles Castle ) is located about 43 kilometers south-west.
On the territory of the municipality Unirea, referred to by the locals Valea Lichii and Cetatea Jidovilor (Hungarian Zsidóvár ) areas, are - according to JF Niegebaur (1847 or 1851) - archaeological sites that point to a settlement in the Roman period. According to a report by J. Téglás (1913 ), where the Roman road ( now Alba Iulia ) branched from Apulum after Potaissa (today Turda ), which according to Brâncoveneşti, Mureş county. Numerous archaeological finds point after reports of H. Schroller (1933 ), M. Roska (1934 ), N. Fettich (1936 ) on the Wietenberg culture of the Bronze Age. 1914 finds from cemeteries were made, according to M. Roska, which point in the age of migration.
The place was founded by Hungary was first mentioned in 1219 under the name terra Wynchy. 1441 united the place with Vereşmort - now Unirea II ( Rothenberg ) - and thus formed Unirea.
In the Middle Ages, the present town Unirea, a thriving market town and headquarters of the Szeklerstuhls Aranyos in the Székely Land. 1813 reported GL Marienburg that this " market towns of noble Székelys, then of Vlachs and some gypsies " was inhabited.
The village was Unirea 2005 - drawn nationwide as satellite european ( " European Village " ) from 212 localities - in other 19 villages. For a children's playground was built in the village.
The main occupation of the population is agriculture and livestock.
The population of the municipality is as follows:
The highest population of the present village was established in 1977, the Romanians ( 5,657 ) in 1966, the Germans ( 28) in 1910, of Hungary ( 1265 ) 1956 and the Roma ( 747 ) 2002. Moreover, designated in 1890, 1900 and 1910 per an inhabitant than Slovak in 1930 as a Serb and 1966 as a Ukrainian.
In place Unirea (I and II ) itself were 1850 1057 Hungary, counted 18 123 Romanians and Roma; from 1880 (1.261) to 1910 (1.775) were about nine times as many registered Hungary as Romanians. From 1920 (271), the proportion of the Romanian population rose to 1930 (1.268) at drastically. 2002 2.624 Romanians, 654 Hungarians, a German and 633 Roma were counted in place Unirea.
- The Reformed, Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Church in Unirea.
- The monastery Sfântul Dimitrie Izvorătorul de Mir of eingemeindeten village Dumbrava (Hungarian Dombro ).
Orthodox Church in Unirea
Culture House of Unirea
Hall of Unirea