United Nations Charter

The United Nations Charter ( Charter of, pronunciation [ karta ...]), in Austria the United Nations Charter, the founding treaty and thus the " constitution" of the United Nations (UN). It was signed by 50 of the 51 founding members on 26 June 1945 in San Francisco. Due to incomplete formation of a government in Poland, a free space was left for that country in the document. The associated signature was executed on June 28, 1945 which Poland became the 51st founding member. The Charter entered into force on 24 October 1945 after being ratified by the then five permanent members of the Security Council (France, Soviet Union ( since 1991, the Russian Federation), China ( 1945 to 1971 represented by the Republic of China, represented since 1971 by the people's Republic of China), United Kingdom, United States of America ) and the majority of other signatories had ratified it.

The Charter as a treaty under international law binds all members under the relevant provisions of international law. Amendments to the Charter require a two- thirds majority of the members of the General Assembly, including the approval of all five permanent members of the Security Council.

Content of the UN Charter

  • Preamble
  • Chapter I: Objectives and Principles (Art. 1, 2)
  • Chapter II: Membership (Article 3-6)
  • Chapter III: Organs (Art. 7, 8)
  • Chapter IV: The General Assembly (Art. 9-22 )
  • Chapter V: The Security Council (Art. 23-32 )
  • Chapter VI: Pacific Settlement of Disputes (Art. 33-38 )
  • Chapter VII: Action with respect to threats or breach of the peace and acts of aggression (Art. 39-51 )
  • Chapter VIII: Regional arrangements (Art. 52-54 )
  • Chapter IX: International cooperation in the economic and social fields (Art. 55-60 )
  • Chapter X: The Economic and Social Council (Art. 61-72 )
  • Chapter XI: Declaration on territories without self- government (Art. 73, 74)
  • Chapter XII: International Trusteeship System (Art. 75-85 )
  • Chapter XIII: The Trusteeship Council (Art. 86-91 )
  • Chapter XIV: The International Court of Justice (Art. 92-96 )
  • Chapter XV: The Secretariat (Art. 97-101 )
  • Chapter XVI: Miscellaneous (Art. 102-105 )
  • Chapter XVII: Transitional provisions concerning the security (Art. 106, 107)
  • Chapter XVIII: Amendments (Art. 108, 109)
  • Chapter XIX: Ratification and Signature (Art. 110, 111)