United Nations resolution
UN resolutions are resolutions of the United Nations that determine the outcome of a discussion of certain major organs in writing. They contain reviews and claims relating to or interpretations of the text of the UN Charter.
Different Types of resolutions
The procedure and the legal value of a resolution differ depending on the decision-making body.
Resolutions of the UN Security
Resolutions of the UN Security Council are binding under international law. In them is usually appeals to the conditions laid down in the UN Charter objectives to achieve and maintain world peace. They are pronounced against states or parties whose acts constitute a threat to international security or a violation of international law or human rights. The resolutions usually contain unique requirements, enforcement can take place at refusal optionally with repressive measures ( UN embargo, UN sanctions, or the like. ) Or by force of arms. The Member States of the United Nations are called to participate.
The five permanent members, China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States must agree to a draft or abstain, so that it becomes a resolution. Total must agree to nine of the 15 members of the Security Council. The resolution itself can be blocked by the veto of the permanent members, in this case each negative vote of one of these states is automatically considered a veto. To contain a permanent member of the voice, so it is not seen in practice as a veto. The explicit veto of a permanent member came in recent decades often used. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union put their veto often in favor of developing countries. The U.S., however, protected Israel again and again with their veto. Often a small change in the wording will decide on the valid decision of a resolution.
Resolutions of the UN General Assembly or the UN Economic and Social Council
Resolutions of the UN General Assembly and the UN Economic and Social Council are not binding. They are only a recommendation An example is the 3379 resolution entitled " Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination ".