United States Attorney
The United States Attorney (including U.S. Attorneys, dt as prosecutor of the United States ) represents the United States in criminal and civil proceedings in the federal district and federal appellate courts. There are a total of 93 U.S. Attorneys in the United States, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Each judicial district with the exception of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands is assigned to a U.S. Attorney. He takes over within his district the role of the Supreme Prosecution in Federal crimes and supervises up to 350 coordinate prosecutors. The U.S. Attorneys include organizational Ministry of Justice of the United States and are therefore the United States Attorney General assumed. Furthermore, there are in the U.S. penal system nor the District Attorney, who is responsible for the prosecution of national offenses in its respective district.
The U.S. Attorneys were created as a public authority with the Office of the Attorney General by the Justice Act 1789. In the same law, the court system of the Supreme Court of the United States and the subordinate federal district courts has been set. Thus, a person should be appointed with legal training for each judicial district, which is responsible for both the prosecution and to the defense of the United States as plaintiff or defendant in civil matters. By 1870, the U.S. Attorneys were independent and subordinate only to the establishment of the Ministry of Justice 's Attorney General.
The U.S. Attorneys are appointed by the President of the United States with the consent of the Senate for a term of four years. He stays after expiration of his term in office until a successor is appointed, but may at any time be removed from office by the President of the Office. In the event that the post of U.S. Attorney is unoccupied, the Attorney General may fill the position as acting. Since 2007, provisionally appointed U.S. Attorneys shall remain in office until the President has appointed with the consent of the Senate a permanent successor.