University of Cambridge
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The British University of Cambridge ( German " University of Cambridge ") was established in 1209. The University consists of 31 colleges and therefore has a federal character. The official founding date of the first colleges, Peterhouse, was 1284th
The University of Cambridge is one of the most prestigious universities in the world. She has produced more Nobel Prize winners than any other university in the world. Members of the University have won 88 Nobel Prizes, around 70 of them were even students at Cambridge.
The 31 colleges of the university are independent institutions, separated from the university itself, and they enjoy considerable autonomy. The colleges decide which students they receive, and are responsible for care, accommodation and learning in small groups (so-called Super Visions ). Admission to a college is a prerequisite for admission to the university. Lectures, talks and research, however, are organized academically, that is, they take place in the faculties and institutes. You continue to appoint their own fellows ( professors and lecturers ). Many colleges are also quite wealthy, which applies to the university itself, to a lesser extent. Add Cambridge is usually the term " university " is used when one does not refer to the colleges.
The leading position of Oxford and Cambridge in the academic life of Britain arrives at the ironic summary designation Oxbridge expressed. The rivalry between Oxford and Cambridge continues today and finds its folkloric expression in the famous Boat Race, one on the Thames been discharged annually since 1829 eight races of two university teams. As Oxford and Cambridge, as well as some more traditional universities are very similar - at least in comparison with continental European universities - their structure in the article British universities is presented.
Inclusion in Cambridge was dependent on language proficiency in Latin and Greek to the 1960s - the languages that were taught mainly in private schools in terms of access largely restricted to members of the social upper class. Since then, attitudes have changed; the application process is now based on other principles. Applicants for undergraduate studies very good to excellent grades are expected. British candidates require very good results in their A-levels, German applicants very good grades in relevant subjects as well as persuasion against the College Fellows at the interview regarding their academic abilities.
The first college was Peterhouse, founded in 1284 by Hugh of Balsham, Bishop of Ely. The second-oldest college is King's Hall, which was founded in 1317, although it no longer exists as a separate college, because it was united in 1546 by Henry VIII with Michael House to Trinity College. Many other colleges were founded in the 14th and 15th centuries. The youngest college is Robinson College, which was built in the late 1970s.
John Lair, born in 1476 Sieglar (now Troisdorf- Sieglar ) died in 1554 in Siegburg, also called John Siberch ( derived from his residence Siegburg ), founded in 1520 in Cambridge University Press. 1521, he got his first job: Oratio, the speech that Dr. Henry Bullock on the occasion of the visit of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey held in Cambridge. On this occasion there was in a letterpress for the first time a legal notice: " Impressa per me Ioannem Siberch ".
Since 2006, the University of Cambridge, the University Group International Alliance of Research Universities belongs to.
2010 and 2011 demonstrated the university both in the QS World University Rankings and in the ranking by U.S. News & World Report world the first place, while in 2011 the Times ranking at the 6th Place and in the Academic Ranking of World Universities Jiaotong University Shanghai landed in 5th place worldwide and thus first place in Europe.
2009 twined the marketing management consultant by World Brand Lab Cambridge as the 50th most influential brand in the world and the 4th most influential of all universities behind Harvard, MIT and Stanford. 2011 Cambridge took third place after Harvard and MIT in the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings, which try to evaluate based on surveys of researchers and professors from all disciplines the academic reputation of the university in general.
In national rankings Cambridge always fights with Oxford for a place in the standings. 2012 decided the University of Cambridge, three of the four major national rankings, and although The Independent, The Guardian, as well as The Sunday Times for herself as she finished second in the Times ranking.
Cambridge also won first place in the 2001 and 2008 by the four funding bodies for higher education in the UK Research Assessment Exercises carried out, which have set themselves the goal to assess the scientific value of the research work of all public universities
The colleges are self-governing institutions and essential part of the university, with its own facilities and private property. They are for the university, especially in the placement of students in matters of the common good, at social events and in the teaching of undergraduate students is important.