Template: Infobox city in Turkey / Maintenance / County
Ünye (Greek in ancient times Oinaion, oine ) is a town with about 78 227 inhabitants ( 2012) and a district on the Black Sea in the Turkish province of Ordu. In the surrounding area especially hazelnuts are grown, which are the most important commercial product. The small fishing harbor has only local significance.
Ünye located about 90 kilometers east of Samsun and 60 kilometers west of Ordu on the coastal road E10. Another highway turns south and passes through a transverse valley in this area of relatively low Pontic Mountains on Niksar to Tokat. The city stretches along a shallow bay facing east and further north to a rocky headland.
Ünye has a long history that dates back BC in the middle of the second millennium BC in the Hittite period. Immigrants from Milet settled in the 7th century on the coast. The place belonged to the kingdom of Pontus, the Roman and Byzantine empires. In classical antiquity existed on this coast the three places oine ( Ünye ) Polemonion ( at today's Fatsa ) and Kotyora ( Ordu ).
In the 12th century Oinaion received importance under the rule of Rum - Seljuks. Until around 1180, the emperor Andronikos Komnenos - I was for some years in the city down.
In its heyday, during the Ottoman rule in the 18th century the port had a regional significance at the end of the road of Niksar. Here there was a shipyard. The nearby large fortress of which remained a part of the walls from the 12th century, was expanded in 1806 by a Pasha from Trabzon to a palace. In 1900, this was largely destroyed by fire.
The coast road is called the metro area Samsun Yolu Ordu. The branching off of it to the southwest main shopping street is the Niksar Caddesi. Due to it's behind the stadium in the city center bus station.
From the Byzantine period a church was preserved, which is now used as a hammam. It is located on the central square, the Cumhuriyet Meydanı. From the Ottoman period are inland from the center of some, some get to renovate the building. The town hall dates from the 18th century. An interesting group of houses on the waterfront was built directly on the cliffs overlooking the water. The usual multi-storey apartment blocks are signs for today's rapidly advancing urban development along the coast and up to the hills inland. On the eastern edge of a small river flows into the sea.
Ünye provides for the excursion tourism in the summer sandy beaches, parks for walks, a handful of hotels in the city, also some pensions and camping facilities outside west along the coast. In a pine forest one kilometer north of the coast there are graves from the Ottoman period.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Zeynep Ahunbay, architectural historian
- İsmail Kılıç Kökten, archaeologist
- Ferhan Şensoy, actor