The Upland, which Low German as much as Oberland or " In the country " is, in the northeastern Rothaargebirge, belonging to Hesse part of the otherwise high Westphalia Sauerland, North Hesse Waldeck- Frankenberg ( Germany ). It corresponds to the present-day boundaries of the municipality of Willingen to the nucleus of the same name.
The Upland is located in the southwest part of the nature park Diemelsee to an average of 500 to 700 m above sea level. NHN. The Northwest and the Southwest are almost completely covered by woods, while the heartland, the natural spatial Upland ( s n ) is forested island just like a few peaks.
The historic Upland is located predominantly in the northeast of the Rothaargebirge, to a lesser extent also in the Ostsauerländer mountainous border. In addition to the natural environment Upland it includes in particular about the ( north-eastern ) half of the natural region Langenberg, which is according to the highest elevation of the Rothaargebirge, the 843.1 m high Langenberg, named and contains several peaks over 800 meters above sea level.
The following natural areas lie partly in the historic Upland ( in brackets depending on Upland relevant parts):
- 33 Southshore Bergland 332 Ostsauerländer mountainous border 332.6 ( Vorupländer ) Adorfer Bay 332.60 Flechtdorfer bump hall ( only extreme west)
- 333.5 Winterberg Highlands 333.58 Langenberg ( East half)
- 333.82 Schellhorn and Treis forest ( extreme southeast)
- 333.90 Interior Upland (except for the extreme north )
- 333.91 Vorupländer back ( just west and center )
The floor of the Upland is crossed by oberdevonischem marl, shale and limestone. With this combination, good soil for agricultural use have emerged. Therefore, the forests were cleared early on and replaced by wood-pastures ( the ostsauerländer " fells ").
The highest mountain of the Uplands is the Langenberg ( 843.2 m), which is directly on the border with neighboring North Rhine -Westphalia ( and almost on the Westphalian side) is located. The almost identical Hegekopf ( 842.9 m) lies entirely in contrast to the Hessian territory.
Since the autumn of 2002, the Ettelsberg ( 837.7 m) has at Hochheideturm an observation deck at 875 meters.
To the mountains of the Uplands include (includes all "eight hundred " ) by height in meters above mean sea level ( MSL ) by ( natural areas in italics; mountains on the border with North Rhine -Westphalia are marked with an asterisk ( *) indicates ):
- Langenberg * ( 843.2 m) - Langenberg
- Hegekopf ( 842.9 m) - Langenberg
- Ettelsberg ( 837.7 m) - Langenberg; with Hochheideturm
- Hopper head ( 832.3 m) - Langenberg
- Mill head (approx. 825 m) - Langenberg; with Mühlenkopfschanze
- Hopper head * ( 805.0 m) - Langenberg/Schellhorn- and Treis forest
- Mittelberg ( 801 m) - Langenberg
- High Pön ( 792.7 m) - Langenberg
- Krutenberg * ( 785.0 m) - Langenberg
- Three head * (781 m) - Schellhorn and Treis forest
- Kahle Pön ( 775.3 m) - Interior Upland
- Emmet ( 742.5 m) - Langenberg
- Auf'm Knoll * ( 739.1 m) - Langenberg / Interior Upland
- Dommel ( 738.0 m) - Schellhorn and Treis forest; with Dommelturm
- Sähre ( 726 m) - Interior Upland
- Iberg ( 720.5 m) - Interior Upland
- Osterkopf ( 708.5 m) - Interior Upland
- Orenberg (702 m) - Interior Upland
→ see also: List of mountains of the Rothaargebirge
Due to the natural environment Langenberg the Rhine -Weser watershed runs at or beyond the western boundary of the historic Upland, east of those here mostly drain the river to Diemel and drain in a northerly to northeasterly directions ( from west to east classified, headwaters in parentheses):
- Hopp corner ( Langenberg )
- Itter ( Langenberg )
- Aarbach ( Langenberg )
- Diemelange (interior Upland)
- Rhene ( source at Vorderupländer back, but outside the historic Upland )
By Vorupländer ridge extends into West southwest -northeast direction, the internal Weser watershed between Diemel and Eder, south of which springs the Neerdar inside Upland, whose upper reaches flows through the southeastern part of the historical Upland.
The villages of the Uplands are Willingen and its districts Usseln, Schwalefeld, Rattlar, Eimelrod, Bömighausen, Hemmighausen, Neerdar and Welleringhausen.
Hunter-gatherers are already drawn around 7000 BC by the Upland, which proves the discovery of a hand ax at Usseln. The villages and settlements in Upland were probably established around 1000 AD. First documented references are available for the communities Willingen ( 1380 ), Schwalefeld ( 1333), Usseln ( 1338 ) and Rattlar ( 1168 ). In the 15th and 16th centuries, the reign of the county Padberg moved to the Counts of Waldeck.
Leisure and Tourism
The Upland is also known by the international ski jumping at the mill head skis at Willinger district Stryck. But even with recreational athletes the Upland is popular. Are widespread cross-country skiing and ski touring the. They are groomed by machine on special routes, so as to protect wildlife habitats and of rare plants. In 2007, the alpine ski offer was significantly enhanced by the establishment of a snowmaking system. There are 19 lifts in Willingen, Usseln and Schwalefeld available, including one built in 2007, ultra-modern cable car circulation on Ettelsberg. In Upland are about 10,000 guest beds available. About 1.2 million overnight stays per year are counted. The Upland, making it one of the leading tourist regions in Germany.
Most places of the Upland are accessible by train: The train Upland establishes connections with each other and towards Korbach and Brilon ago.