Urai (Russian Урай ) is a city in the autonomous district of the Khanty-Mansi / Ugra in Western Siberia (Russia). She has (October 14, 2010 Status ) 39 457 inhabitants.
The city is surrounded by forests and swamps of Kondaniederung, a part of the West Siberian Plain, about 350 kilometers south-west of the administrative center of Khanty -Mansiysk. Urai is located on the right bank of the river Konda.
The town of Urai is the region administratively subordinated directly. Several smaller settlements, mainly located in the north-west, as Nasarowo, Tschantyrja and Schaim belong to the city.
1922 founded settlers from central Russia near the present town of the settlement Kolossja.
The late 1950s, here was a base for oil exploration, and 1960 was approximately 40 kilometers north-west, discovered near the village of Schaim, the first oil field of western Siberia Schaimskoje. As a result, the place grew rapidly in 1965 and received city rights under the name Urai ( Mansi for oxbow of a river, arc-shaped lake).
Note: Census data (1959 rounded)
Culture, Education and sights
Urai has a local history museum.
In the city there are branches of the Tyumen State University (since 1995 ) and the Tyumen State Oil and Gas University.
Economy and infrastructure
The city is an important basis for oil production in the western part of the West Siberian Plain. It is one of three sites of origin of the oil company Lukoil ( the U in the company name stands for Urai ). Here begins an oil pipeline to Tyumen.
There are also companies in the construction industry and the food industry.
Urai has an airport and is the nearest bus station local traffic center. The nearest railway station is located 160 km downstream of the Konda at settlement Meschduretschenski ( station Ustje - Acha ), where a built in the 1960s route from Yekaterinburg ends.