Uus maailm ( historical German name " New World " ) is a district (Estonian asum ) of the Estonian capital Tallinn. It is located in the district Kesklinn ( "downtown" ).
Description and History
Uus maailm has 3,240 inhabitants (as of 1 May 2010).
In the 16th century, the area was largely uninhabited. With the expansion of the fortifications around the city center of Tallinn, the first road network was built. Middle of the 17th century, the city sold Tallinn adjacent land to private owners. They were used mainly as an agricultural area. Later there arose simple dwellings and small courtyards. During the Great Northern War almost all buildings were destroyed. Only gradually it led to a renewed development.
Legendary was in the 18th and 19th century the inn " America". Nearby lay the Höfchen Wittenhof, which belonged to the Tallinn mayor Jürgen Witte. Until the second half of the 19th century, the area, however, largely undeveloped meadows and pasture remained.
Only in the 1860s composed his first major houses. With the economic revival of Tallinn, Estonia in the industrialization and liberal economic reforms in the Russian Empire, there was a large influx of population, was needed for the living room. The construction of the railway line from the port of Paldiski to Tallinn in 1870 increased the need for a cheap rental housing. 1883 opened in Uus maailm the furniture factory Luther, which employed several hundred workers before the First World War. In the 1890s, Uus maailm experienced a building boom. Since 1878, the area " New World " was called.
In the devastating air attack of the Red Army to Tallinn on March 9, 1944, large parts of the district were destroyed or damaged. In the 1940s and 50s, the destroyed buildings were replaced by Stalinist buildings. In the 1960s, the authorities tore down another historic wooden houses, to make way for modern residential buildings made of stone. Nevertheless you can find today in Uus maailm some wooden houses from the Tsarist era of Estonia (1899-1918) and the interwar period ( 1923-1939 ). Some are national monuments.
University for technical professions
Modern house ( Luha Street)
Historic house ( Luha Street)
Monument to mark the centennial of the Tallinn Tram (1988 )