Uxbridge is a town in Worcester County in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. It was founded on June 27, 1727 as an independent municipality, when the government of Massachusetts allowed the residents of Mendon, to choose their own city government. The city was named after the Earl of Uxbridge, who was Attorney General of Massachusetts at that time.
1731 was the first in Uxbridge, influenced by the Great Awakening, Congregational church. Uxbridge was for more than 140 years, a center of the textile industry, military uniforms and cashmere wool were produced. It is the geographical center of the "Black Stone" National Park Service, the birthplace of American industry.