V. K. Wellington Koo
Vi Kyuin Wellington Koo (Chinese顾维钧/顾维钧, Pinyin Gu Weijun, Wei - chun Ku W.-G., also: Koo Vi Kyuin; born January 29, 1887 in Shanghai, † 14 November 1985 in New York City ) was a educated at Columbia University Chinese diplomat.
Vi Kyuin Wellington Koo was born in Shanghai. In 1904 he went to the United States to study Western culture at Columbia University, va to China to help cope up with the imperialist threat. He spoke perfect English and was interested in China's position in the world.
1912 received his doctorate in international law and diplomacy Koo at Columbia. He immediately returned to China to serve the new Republic of China as an English secretary to the president. 1915 Koo was appointed Chinese ambassador to the United States.
In 1919 he was one of the Chinese delegates at the Paris Peace Conference, for which he received high recognition. Before the Western powers and Japan, he urged that Japan should return Shandong to China. He also started the Western powers to harass, to end all imperialist institutions and measures, such as extraterritoriality, customs controls, embassy guards and leases. The Western powers refused his demands, and as a consequence, the Chinese delegation was the only one at the Paris Peace Conference, which refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles at the signing ceremony.
Koo was also involved in the founding of the League of Nations as the first representative of China. 1926-1927 he was President of China, during a period of chaos in Beijing. He was Secretary of State under Zhang Zuo-lin and represented China at the League of Nations to represent against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. Until France occupied by Germany, he was from 1936 to 1940 Chinese Ambassador to France. He was then to 1946 Chinese Ambassador in the United Kingdom. 1945 Koo co-founded the United Nations. Later he tried as ambassador to the United States to maintain the alliance between them and Nationalist China, as the KMT gradually lost control of the Communist Party of China and had to retreat to Taiwan.
1956 Koo left the Chinese diplomatic service after 44 years and two world wars. He was China's most experienced and respected art Diplomat. In 1956, Koo Vice President and Judge of the International Court of Justice in The Hague and was followed in this capacity his late in the Official compatriot Hsu Mo. In 1967 he resigned and moved to New York, where he spent his last years with family and friends and in 1985 with 98 years died.