Vaishya (Sanskrit, वैश्य, m. Vaisya, Vaisya f ) is in the Indian caste system, the designation for the existing of merchants, traders, moneylenders and landowners third caste (Varna ) of the traditional four castes.

The caste formed of the (then) predominantly lower layers, the BC immigrated from 1500 to India. They formed out of the Indo-European tribes of the Aryans and counted as Kshatriya and Brahmin, to the " twice-born ". This means that they have the right after an initiation ceremony ( Upanayana ), the sacred knowledge ( Veda ) to learn and perform the Vedic sacrifice.

In the tenth book of the Rigveda, the so-called Purushasukta describes how the different castes have emerged. They were created during a victim from the primeval giant Purusha. Were out of the mouth while the Brahmins, the Kshatriyas from the arms, the legs were from the Vaishya and Shudra from the feet of the.

A domain is the Vaishyas have long been the trade, especially the long-distance and overseas trade, so that the rich urban elite of India is a large part of Vaishyas. The Marwaris, for example, which ampersand great talent is said, are among the Vaishyas.

The largest corporations in India, such as Birla, Dalmia Jain and Others among them. Among the most successful industrialists are some Marwaris, such as Rahul Bajaj and Rama Prasad Goenka. In addition to parsing the Marwaris, the Gujarati trading castes and the Jains are the leading industrial and banking groups, especially in Mumbai and Kolkata. For example, Gandhi belonged to this caste.

The richest Indian billionaire Lakshmi Mittal is a Marwari.