Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (Russian Валентин Александрович Серов, Research Valentin Aleksandrovich Serov transliteration; * 7 Januarjul / January 19 1865greg in Saint Petersburg, .. .. † 22 Novemberjul / December 5 1911greg in Moscow) was a Russian painter, graphic artist and portrait painter. He is regarded as a representative of the Russian Art Nouveau painting.
He grew up in the family of the composer Alexander Nikolayevich Serov. After he had briefly attended high school, taught him Ilya Repin from 1878 to 1879 in Paris and Moscow in painting and drawing. In the period from 1880 to 1885, he attended the St. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts under Pavel Chistyakov. Repin and Chistyakov also had a lasting influence on his early works. At the most influence he had, however, by the works of the Old Masters, whom he met in museums of Russia and Western Europe.
Serov left the Academy with a silver medal and began working as an independent painter. One of his most famous and first major works was The girl with the peaches ( Девочка с персиками ) from 1887, the Vera, the daughter of the industrialist and art patron Savva Mamontov, shows and is now exhibited in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. This image is one of the works of early Russian impressionism.
From 1890 he directed his attention to the painting of portraits. In the following years he made especially persons of contemporary history, such as actors, artists and writers, from. These include, for example, Isaak Levitan (1893 ), Nikolai Leskov (1894 ) and Nikolai Rimsky -Korsakov, whom he portrayed in 1898. These portraits are now also on display at the Tretyakov Gallery.
1894 Serov joined the Peredvizhniki movement of the at. Around this time he increasingly began to paint family portraits, mainly of children and women. In his portraits of children, he laid emphasis on poses and gestures to capture the spontaneity of the moment in the movements. Examples are the portraits of children ( Дети ) from 1899 and Mika Morozov ( Мика Морозов ), created in 1901. They can be found in the Tretyakov Gallery.
In his later phase Serov varied painting styles and techniques - watercolors, pastels, lithographs, etc. His portrait figures were represented thereby be gradually refined. This was mainly the portraits of Vasily Kachalov, Tamara Karsavina, numerous characters from the stories of Ivan Krylov. These works were created in the years 1908 to 1911 and are to be seen the Russian Museum and other galleries in the Tretyakov Gallery.
In the period from 1890 to the beginning of the 20th century, Serov created many landscape paintings. In the years 1897 to 1909 he also taught at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. Among his students were among others Pavel Kuznetsov, Nikolai Sapunov, Martiros Saryan, Kuzma Petrov- Vodkin, Nikolai Ulyanov, and Konstantin Yuon.
After the turn of the century Serov went back over to portraiture. So he created in 1904 a portrait of Maxim Gorky, which is now exhibited in the Gorky Museum in Moscow. Other portraits of the actress Marija Yermolova and a charcoal drawing of the opera singer Feodor Chaliapin created.
In his last years he devoted himself to the representation of themes from classical mythology and history.
Nikolai Leskov (1894 )
Children ( 1899)
Coronation of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia (1899 )
Ida Rubinstein (1910 )
The Rape of Europa (1910 )