Vanoise National Park
The Vanoise National Park (French: Parc National de la Vanoise / PNV ) is a national park in France in the high mountains of the Alps. He is named after the mountain range which belongs to the West of Graian, which lies between the four peaks of the Mont Blanc Massif and the Ecrin ( Dauphiné Alps ) in the French part of the Western Alps. The area belongs to the department of Savoie in the Rhone-Alpes region on the border with Italy.
The reserve was founded in 1963 as the first French national park to protect the pristine world of high mountains of the interior of the Vanoise Massif and the preservation of the endangered Alpine ibex, of which the last ones had survived in the east adjoining Italian National Park of Gran Paradiso.
The PNV includes large areas of the upper Maurienne and the Tarentaise Valley in the south of France since 1860 Savoy. The inner, strictly protected zone is one of over 40 three thousand meter (107 individual peaks ) are embossed glaciated high mountain region with an area of 528 square kilometers, of which approximately only 50 square kilometers.
To this inner zone extends outwards over 1436 km ² the outer zone (like all French national parks is also the PNV a so-called ' two-zone park' ), in which all 28 municipalities and the visitor centers of the National Park are located. The National Park area is located at altitudes between 685 m and 3855 m (La Grande Casse ). In the east, there is a length of approximately 14 km with a common border with the Italian National Park of Gran Paradiso, is the 1972 a cooperation agreement.
The highest mountains are:
- Pointe de la Grande Casse ( 3855 m)
- Mont Pourri ( 3779 m)
- Dent Parrachée ( 3697 m)
- Grande Motte ( 3653 m)
- Dôme de l' Arpont ( 3599 m)
- Dôme de Chasseforêt ( 3586 m)
- Grand Roc Noir ( 3582 m)
- Pointe du Génépy ( 3551 m)
- Pointe de Labby ( 3521 m)
- Belle Cote ( 3417 m)
Nature and environmental protection
In 1976, the Parc National de la Vanoise from the Euro Europe European Diploma of Protected Areas awarded.
- Ibex (about 2,500 animals )
- Chamois (about 5,500 animals)
- European mouflon
- Bearded Vulture
- Golden eagle
While the tourist use of the outer zone of the national park is heavily influenced by the Alpine winter sports (Val d'Isere, Tignes and Les Trois Vallées ), set the strict regimentation of the inner protection zone on nature and environmental protection, sustainable development and environmentally sustainable tourism.
In the National Park there are approximately 500 kilometers of marked hiking trails that allow a variety of climbing and hiking tours.
- The most popular hiking trail is the Tour des Glaciers '.
- In addition, the long-distance footpaths Via Alpina (Stages R122/123 ), GR 5 and GR 55 through the National Park.
There is a dense network of shelters that either the PNV itself, the Club Alpin Français or private operators belong. Apart from a few exceptions, the deeper their management period extends from mid-June to mid-September.