Vaxjo [ vɛk ː ˌ ɧø ː ] is a university town in southern Sweden. The residence is located in the historic province of Småland and is the capital of the County of Kronoberg County. Växjö is also the capital of the municipality and is considered the capital of the so-called " glass empire ".
Växjö is located at the intersection of two lakes. The name is probably from the Swedish words väg ( road ) and sjö (lake) arose because in winter the peasants came across the frozen lake to the market. The city is located in Värend, one of the many small countries in Småland, however, that belonged together with Njudung and Finnveden to something larger. Värend corresponds to approximately the eastern two- thirds of today's Kronoberg County. The Helgasjön north of the city lies one of the largest lakes in southern Sweden.
As early as the Iron Age plant in Växjö trade. According to the legend of Siegfried English missionary Sigfrid came as the first Christian missionary to Värend and built the very first church Värends in Växjö. This led in 1170 to the fact that Växjö became a bishopric and henceforth destination for many pilgrims was. The city received city rights on February 13, 1342 by King Magnus Eriksson. Proven but there were already in the 11th century at this point a settlement. Due to its location on the old border between Denmark and Sweden, the city was often devastated, such as 1276, 1570 and 1612, but could also benefit from cross-border trade. Multiple burned down the wooden city of Växjö, including 1799, 1838 and 1843.
Besides long boat trips to cycling and walking tours, tours of glass factories and castles offer. A wide range of options will benefit the sector.
Also, the fact that the Irish budget airline Ryanair from Weeze Airport flying into Vaxjo, offers a new Arrival of tourists. Also, recently (Lithuania ) also flies the Swedish airline Flysmaland from Berlin- Tegel and Kaunas to Vaxjo.
The city center is dominated by the dating from the 14th century cathedral, which was extensively restored several times over the centuries. On its eastern side is a rune stone. South of the Cathedral extends Linnaeus Park. In Växjö, there are several museums, including the Utvandrarnas Hus, which documents the Swedish emigration in the 19th century and the Swedish Museum of Glass (part of Småland Museum ). In Teleborg district we find the location on the university campus castle Teleborg, a historicist building of 1900. Attraction is the castle ruins Kronoberg County, five kilometers north of the city.
Växjö is the central shopping city and the administrative center of the region with the provincial administration and the bishop 's seat. Through the University of Växjö also jobs were created in the academic field. The glass industry is represented by the Glass Research Institute Glafo. Due to its location in the wooded areas, the forestry was once an important industry. This is made clear by the seat of Södra Skogsägarna, an association of forest owners in Götaland. The airline has its headquarters in Växjö Flysmaland. Since 1993, the city has reduced its CO2 emissions by around 30 % and thus taken in Sweden a leading role.
On Campus Växjö Linnaeus University study around 9000 students ( 2006). On campus is the largest wooden building in Sweden.
Sons and daughters of the town
Born in Växjö and the surrounding area are the following celebrities:
- Jonas Björkman, tennis player
- Karl- Birger Blomdahl, composer
- Stefan Johansson, race car driver
- Jonas Jonasson, writer
- Jonas Källman handball player
- Pär Lagerkvist, author and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1951
- Otto Lindblad, composer
- Kristina Nilsson, soprano, born in Vederslöv 15 km outside the city
- Christian Quad Fly, German actor
- Thomas Ravelli, football player
- Mats Wilander, tennis player, born in Moheda 20 km outside the city
- Anton Zetterholm, musical performer
From Växjö, the members of the following rock and pop bands come from:
- The Ark
- Melody Club
Personalities who have worked on site
- Alfred Ahlqvist Gustaf, Swedish historian
- Carl Linnaeus, here attended high school
- Esaias Tegnér (1782-1846)
- Carolina Kluft
- Ragnar Skanåker, seven -time Olympian in the sport shooting
- Henning Mankell was in the 1980s, theater director and artistic director of the theater Kronbergs in Vaxjo