Vico Equense is a coastal town with 20 809 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) in the Italian province of Naples, in the Campania region. It is part of the mountain community Comunità Montana Mons Lactarius - Sorrento Peninsula. The place is popular residence of many tourists because of its proximity to many attractions such as the ancient city of Pompeii, Vesuvius and Naples itself
Vico Equense is located at the northern end of the Sorrento peninsula on the Gulf of Naples. In addition, the place is at the foot of the mountain chain Mons Lactarius, whose highest peak Sant'Angela a Tre Pizzi has a height of 1444 m. The city lies on the line Napoli Porta Nolana - Sorrento Circumvesuviana local train.
The town of Vico Equense is probably a Phoenician or Greek foundation. Archaeological findings also validate the presence of the Etruscans, which was already postulated by the ancient historians Strabo and Pliny the Elder. In ancient times, the village was called " Aequana ". This name could be due to the Equi, a local tribe, who was involved at the time of the Punic wars in the fight against the Romans. An earthquake in 62 AD and the major eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD have suffered serious damage. In the following centuries Vico Equense was again destroyed several times, such as in the year 553 by the Goths, and in the 9th century by the Saracens. The Castello Giusso castle of Vico Equense was built in 1301 by Charles II.
A key attraction is the Church of the Annunziata, which is the only Gothic church on the peninsula of Sorrento. Other attractions include the Castello Giusso, built in 1301 and was rebuilt from the 17th to the 19th century, and the Antiquarium, will be exhibited in the archaeological remains of a necropolis, dated between the 5th and 7th centuries v. Chr come.
Vico Equense is now known for its thermal baths and for the so-called one-meter pizza.
The population development Vico Equense recorded since records began in 1861, a steady increase. Vico Equense has about 5,217 households. Between 1991 and 2001 the population increased from 18,967 to 20,048 on. This represents a percentage increase of 5.7%.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Giambattista della Porta (1535 - 1615), Neapolitan doctor
- Maurizio Aiello ( b. 1970 ), Italian actor
- Nello Di Martino ( born 1951 ), Italian footballer, goalkeeper coach and team coordinator
- Maria Guida ( born January 23, 1966 in Vico Equense) former Italian long-distance runner and former European champion in the marathon.