Vienna Circle

The Vienna Circle was a group of philosophers and philosophers of science, which from 1922 to 1936 met under the leadership of Moritz Schlick week in Vienna. Known members were Rudolf Carnap, Otto Neurath, Herbert Feigl, Philipp Frank, Victor force Friedrich Waismann and Hans Hahn. They were occasionally visited by Hans Reichenbach, Kurt Godel, Carl Gustav Hempel, Alfred Tarski, Adolph Stöhr, Willard Van Orman Quine and Alfred Jules Ayer, who made known their work in the UK by the book Language, Truth and Logic (1936).

Many members of the circle left Austria in the period of Austro-fascism, which led to a growing influence of Nazism to the German Reich before the connection. The meeting ended after Moritz Schlick was shot in 1936 by his former student Hans Nelböck.

The philosophical approach of the district was known as logical empiricism (also Neo - positivism or logical ). He was influenced by Ludwig Wittgenstein ( with some members of the circle from summer 1927 met regularly for some time ), Ernst Mach, Bertrand Russell, George Edward Moore, David Hilbert, Henri Poincare, Albert Einstein, and Gottlob Frege.

The philosopher Karl Popper, who allegedly never took part in the meetings of the circle but then continued at the University of London the Vienna Circle, developed his approach, which he called critical rationalism, in conflict with and in contrast to the logical empiricism of the Vienna Circle.

Since 1991 there is an institute in Vienna Vienna Circle, that of documentation, research and development of the philosophy of the Vienna Circle dedicated to.