As a specialized camera type is referred to by a camera whose design is tailored to the particular work in the photo studio. A professional camera has a modular structure and is usually a large format camera for sheet film, rare for media formats. It is usually mounted on an optical bench. The lens standard and the film script can be adjusted against each other. Both are connected with professional cameras by a bellows together. This can be a perspective and depth of field manipulation according to the Scheimpflug principle.
Lighter and easier to transport variants of professional cameras are baseboard cameras. Tripod and handheld exposure meter or exposure meter in the film plane are mandatory when shooting with a view camera.
Modern versions work with digital backs in the film script, which can be connected via cable directly to a computer.