Vikram Sambat is the official calendar of Nepal. He is a lunisolar calendar.
Vikram Sambat (VS ) is based on ancient Hindu tradition. The calendar is named after the king Vikramaditya Samvat and depends on the phases of the moon and the Christian calendar is 56.7 years ahead. The new year begins in mid-April. Each month begins at the center of the Christian month. Bikram Sambat is the use mainly in the public service, newspaper and Royalty. The year has 12 months, which are different from the Western calendar months.
There is also the Shakya Sambat - era, the Nepal-Sambat-Zeitrechnung/Newar-Sambat-Zeitrechnung and the Tibetan calendar (Bot Gyalo ). The Shakya Sambat - time calculation is used by astrologers for their calculations. This era begins with the accession of King Salivahan, the king Soma Kant in 77/78 BC defeated. The Nepal Sambat - time bill was introduced by the Malla kings. The new year starts here in mid-November. The beginning of this era is 879 years after the Christian era.
Bot Gyalo ( Tibetan: bod rgyal lo ) - the Tibetan calendar - is used by the Tibetans and Sherpas who had fled to the north and is based on the Kalachakra tantric system, which was brought to Tibet in 1026. It can be used flowery name, derived from the " Wheel of Time ". Era in the 60 -year cycle, consisting of five elements (wood, fire, earth, iron, water ) and 12 animal characters ( mouse, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, bird, dog, pig ). The combination results in the annual name. 60 combinations are possible within the cycle.