Vila Franca do Campo
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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Vila Franca do Campo is a small town ( Vila ) and a circle ( concelho ) on São Miguel, an island belonging to Portugal Azores. Covering an area of 78 square kilometers live 11,255 inhabitants (as of 30 June 2011) in the circle, what / corresponds to a population density of 144.4 inhabitants km ².
Vila Franca do Campo on the southern coast of the largest island of the Azores, Sao Miguel. In front of the place in the Atlantic is the small volcanic island Ilheu de Vila Franca do Campo, whose crater wall is pierced on the north side toward the sea, so that sea water could flow in and sand has been deposited. Thus, a natural swimming pool is created, the depth hardly exceeds one meter at high tide. During the summer months boats from Vila Franca drive to Ilheu ( the crossing takes about 20 minutes ) and bring adults and children for a swimming day there.
The town of Vila Franca do Campo was the first capital of São Miguel by the discovery - until then deserted - Azores island by Portuguese sailors in 1427 However, there is evidence that in ancient times the Phoenicians had the Azores.. The town was founded soon after the beginning of the permanent settlement of São Miguel by the Portuguese from Povoaçao from. In Vila Franca the lord of the island, the founder of nobility and large landowners lived. Until 1518 here, the customs authority was established and soon the place became the most important settlement on the island. In the night from 21 to 22 October 1522 Place was destroyed in an earthquake. About 5,000 people were killed. After the capital was moved to Ponta Delgada, which has received this status until today. Vila Franca recovered and is now a thriving Kreistädtchen.
Vila Franca do Campo is the seat of a district of the same ( concelho ). Its neighboring districts are:
The urban area of Vila Franca do Campo is formed by the two municipalities of São Miguel and São Pedro.
The circle Vila Franca do Campo is a total of six communities ( Freguesias ):
- June 24
- Portugal: Vila do Porto
- United States United States: Fall River (Massachusetts )
Sons and daughters of the town
- Bento de Gois (1562-1607), Jesuit missionary, explorer in Asia
- Urbano de Mendonça Dias (1878-1951), writer, journalist, lawyer and educator
- Ernesto Ferreira (1880-1943), Catholic priest, ethnologist and naturalist
- Armando Cortes -Rodrigues (1891-1971), writer, playwright, poet, philologist and ethnologist
- Artur do Canto Resende (1897-1945), surveyor
- José Medeiros ( born 1951 ), musician and composer, actor and director