The geographical coordinates of Vincennes ' are 38 ° 40'42 " north latitude, 87 ° 30'58 " west longitude. Vincennes is located on the Wabash River, about 80 km north of Evansville.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 18.6 km ², of which 18.4 km ² of land and 0.2 km ² ( = 0.97 % ) is attributable to water surfaces.
The city lies at the intersection of U.S. Highway 50 and U.S. Highway 41 coming from the north, U.S. Highway 150 runs from Terre Haute to Vincennes along with U.S. 41 and the intersection from jointly with the Highway 50 toward Washington, Indiana eastward.
Two railway lines also intersect here.
As the oldest city in Indiana Vincennes was founded in 1732 as a French fur trading post and belonged since the end of the Seven Years' War, 1763 Great Britain.
For the British, the settlement was named Fort Sackville. 1778 came here to an uprising by the French-born residents under the support of the local Indian tribes, who allied themselves with the pro-independence colonies; the revolt was put down by British soldiers who had been sent from Detroit. The settlement was recovered by George Rogers Clark on February 23. The events of this period are described in the 1901 novel, Alice of Old Vincennes by Maurice Thompson.
In 1800 the place was the capital of the newly formed Indiana Territory, and residence of the Governor William Henry Harrison, who later became the ninth President of the United States, who resided here in the estate Grouseland. As early as 1801, the Jefferson Academy was founded, which later became the Vincennes University, one of the oldest higher education institutions in the USA.
Between 1834 and 1898 Vincennes seat was a Roman Catholic bishop, whose cathedral, the Basilica of St. Francis Xavier was (Basilica since 1970). The bishop's seat was moved to Indianapolis, where today the Archdiocese of Indianapolis is located. Vincennes was titular of the Roman Catholic Church.
At the time of the census of 2000, there were 18.701 persons the city. The population density was 1011.3 people per km ². There were 8574 housing units at an average 463.6 per km ². The population consisted of Hoquiams 94.34 % White, 3.28 % African American, 0.25 % Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.06 % Pacific Islander, 0.48 % reported other races to belong and 0.88 % from two or more races. 1.02 % of the population to be Hispanic or Latino of any race.
The inhabitants of Vincennes distributed to 7614 households out of which 26.3% were living in children under 18 years. 40.8 % married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.1 % were non-families. 35.8 % of households were made up of individuals and someone lived in 14.9 % of all households aged 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size is 2.85 people.
The city population was spread out with 20.0 % under the, 20.5% of 18-24 year olds, 24.0 % 25 -44- year-old, 20.3% 45-64 year olds and 15.1 % under the age of 65 years or more. The average age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. In the over -18s accounted for 100 women, 97.3 men.
The median household income in Vincennes was 26,289 U.S. dollars and the median family income reached the level of 35 424 U.S. dollars. The average income of men was 27 029 U.S. dollars, compared to 20,254 U.S. dollars for women. The per capita income in Hoquiam was 14,993 U.S. dollars. 20.7 % of the population and 15.0 % of families had affected an income below the poverty line, including 25.9 % of minors and 12.7 % of those age 65 or over.
Several ships of United States Navy bear the name USS Vincennes.
Vincennes is connected to the same city Vincennes in France and the German town of Wasserburg am Inn by twinning.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Joseph W. Barr (1918-1996), Minister of Finance under Lyndon B. Johnson
- Henry Dodge (1782-1867), politician
- John Scott Harrison (1804-1878), American politician
- Jane Jarvis (1915-2010), pianist, organist and composer
- George W. Jones (1804-1896), U.S. Senator
- Red Skelton (1913-1997), comedian
- Sarah Knox Taylor (1814-1835), daughter of the 12th President of the United States, Zachary Taylor and first wife of politician Jefferson Davis
- Alice Terry (1899-1986), actress