Virtue Party

The Fazilet, short FP ( dt: Virtue Party ), was a 1997-2001 existing Islamist party in Turkey, which is the Milli Görüş movement attributed.

The emblem of the party consists of a crescent moon, from five strokes and a heart. The strokes that represent rays are, for esteem, reputation, honor (Turkish: Şeref ) are, justice and legal awareness, welfare and recovery. The heart symbolizes love, tolerance, brotherhood and peace, and human rights and freedoms.


The Virtue Party was founded in December 1997 in anticipation of the ban of the Refah Partisi of politicians of that party. In January 1998, the Turkish Constitutional Court banned the Refah Partisi (RP ) accused of " activities to overthrow the secular constitutional order ", the party were sympathetic to jihad and the debate over the introduction of Sharia law. After the party ban was legally valid, occurred in February 1998, the MPs of the RP in the Virtue Party one. The prosecutor's office opened an investigation of whether the FP is also affected as a successor party to the RP from the party ban. The FP founding Chairman İsmail Alptekin said that the Virtue Party was not the successor of any other party. Former RP chairman Necmettin Erbakan said despite his five-year ban policy, no one should believe that it could go on without him, and that the party leader must be someone he could accept.


The Virtue Party presented it in May 1998 with a mass rally as a political force for " democracy, rule of law and human rights " Fighting in a clear departure from the rhetoric of the Welfare Party, and with the realization of a democracy with equal rights and freedoms, such as in the western countries seriously mean. New Party Chairman was Recai Kutan, who was on 14 May 1998 as the confidant of Erbakan. To spread their thoughts good, the Virtue Party, as before, the Refah Party, the newspaper Milli Gazette and the Turkish television channel operated 7

At the local and parliamentary elections on 18 April 1999, the FP was able to win 15.5 percent of the vote and 102 seats, thereby becoming the largest opposition faction. With the swearing in of the opening session of the Grand National Assembly deputies, the FP Merve Kavakci tried covered with a headscarf to participate, but failed at the vocal opposition of the other parliamentarians. As then it was announced that she had accepted the U.S. citizenship shortly before the election, she was stripped of Turkish citizenship and deprived her mandate.

After two years of negotiation duration, the Virtue Party was by the Turkish Constitutional Court on similar grounds as was its predecessor, the Refah Partisi, banned on 22 June 2001. Reason for the ban was the formation of a " focal point " ( odak ) unconstitutional activity ( Article 69 of the Turkish Constitution ) by the violations leading officials and members of the Virtue Party against the principle of secularism and related legal protections were attributed to the party.

Successor SP and ACP

The remaining 100 deputies of the previous FP initially remained as independent members of parliament. As the successor party Saadet Partisi which was set up four weeks after the party ban. However, the reform-oriented wing of the party with Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Abdullah Gül and Bülent Arınç split off; they founded the Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi ( Justice and Development ), which Turkey has ruled since 2002 ( Cabinet Gül, Erdoğan Cabinet I, Cabinet Erdoğan II).