Vosegus, also Vosagus, Vosacius (?), A Celtic God, the origin for the name of the Vosges (French Vosges) and the Wasgau was true, so as a mountain deity. On an inscription -free representation, found in Reichshoffen in Strasbourg, possibly intended to represent Vosegus, he appears in a heavy coat ( Sagum ), with arrow, bow and spear, and accompanied by a dog. This could also indicate a hunting deity.

History and etymology

Vosegus was - like many Celtic deities - worshiped only locally; the center was around the mountain Donon, on whose summit stood a Vosegustempel. Functionally equivalent to the deity as the Roman Mercurius or the Greek Hermes. When the Romans occupied Gaul, they took over the deity, giving the distribution area the name Vosegus mons ( " mountain [ of ] Vosegus " ) or Vosegus silva ( "Forest of [the] Vosegus "). From these, the French Vosges and the Middle High German Wasigen emerged ( forest ); from Wasigen later developed the concept Wasgau.

Unsafe name interpretations of the word tribe * seg -os or * seq (y) o, sow dt explain the partial equation of God Vosegus with Mercurius, which was originally started as a god of grain trade and harvest. Another likewise uncertain interpretation is derived from the name of * vo - sego, the great power.

From the French Benedictine abbot and scholar Augustin Calmet he was equated in the 19th century with Bugius without this, however, it could bring documents.


There are a total of five inscriptions with the names Vosegus, three of which were found in France and two in Germany - superior four of them from the Roman province of Germania. In both Germany ( Neustadt on the Wine Route and Bad Bergzabern ), as well as two of the French finds ( Gœrsdorf and interest Willer ) Vosegus or Vosego Sil was mentioned as a single deity ( Vosegus Silvanus ). The fifth inscription dates from Donon ( Roman province Gallia Belgica, today in Alsace ) - here Vosegus is named along with Hecate.