As a resignation or a resignation depositing an office is called before the deadline. Resignations from short-term contracts or appointments, there are about playing sports ( trainer), in business (manager) or in politics (Minister, Head of Government, party chairman ). A withdrawal is the individual step of the incumbent - the extent to which this step was motivated voluntarily or by external events or forces, is the central question for subsequent withdrawals.

As historically significant as extremely rare, must the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI. be regarded, for he gave health reasons. The last resignation of a pope took place in 1415.

Well known is the forced resignation of Richard Nixon ( 8 August 1974 ) and his vice Spiro Agnew (10 October 1973). A classic resignation also provides the resignation of Chancellor Willy Brandt during the Guillaume affair beginning May 1974 dar. In Switzerland, the Federal Councillor Samuel Schmid joined the end of 2008 back after it had attacked his former party several times in person. On 31 May 2010 joined with Horst Köhler, the first German Federal President with immediate effect (ie with transfer of the presidency to the President of the Bundesrat ) back after he was accused with reference to some misleading comments, he defends a Bundeswehr, which are not covered by the Basic Law.

A comprehensive study of the phenomenon of political resignations submitted to the Berlin historian Michael Philipp. He regarded the political office holders in the field of tension between the government, parliament, private party and the public and looks in all areas of factors that work for or against a resignation. The occasions for political resignations can be prepared by Philipp divide in normal cases of democracy and in incidents like scandal.

Resignations after a scandal not only cause a temporary social purification. They say a lot about the political culture - through the Office of understanding by politicians, the norms and values ​​of society.