Walter Bruch (born 2 March 1908 in Neustadt on the Wine Route; † 5 May 1990 in Hannover ) was a German electrical engineer and pioneer of German television. He developed the PAL color television system.
Life and work
At his father's request he attended a business school, but then trained as a machinist apprenticeship in a shoe factory. From 1928 he attended the pilot Mittweida in Saxony. After that, he was a guest student at the University of Berlin, where he met Manfred von Ardenne and Dénes Mihály.
From the early 1930s to Walter Bruch was involved in the development of television technology in 1933, he presented a "people's television receiver " with a homemade telecine. He got a job in Berlin in 1935 as an engineer with Telefunken, where Emil Mechau developed a special television camera for the 1936 Olympic Games. As a cameraman he used during the games the new development, which wrote as so-called " Olympic cannon " story. During World War II he supervised the Army Research Center Peenemünde to the test VII, the world's first industrial television equipment to monitor the V2 - offs. After the war he was employed by AEG in the cable plant Oberspree and formulated in 1946 a 625-line television standard.
In 1950 he returned to Telefunken and went into the development department for television receivers in Hanover. There initiated break the basic laboratory for receiver technique in which the end of 1962, patent pending PAL color television system was developed. On January 3, 1963, the PAL system of fracture before experts from the European Broadcasting Union (EBU ) was first demonstrated.
In an interview with the presenter Hans Rosenthal break was once asked why he had called the system "PAL " system. He replied, in substance, that certainly no one " broken system" would want to have. At that time a very tough political and economic competition between the French SECAM system and the European PAL system took place, which reached up to the highest political and economic levels. As " Mister PAL" traveled Walter Bruch years in various countries in order to present the system. He received in 1964 an honorary doctorate from the Technical University of Hanover. The developed under his direction analog PAL system was the German Radio Exhibition for the Federal Republic of Germany and West Berlin officially introduced on August 25, 1967 at the 25th Great and is still often worldwide color television system.
Prof. Dr. -Ing. h c. Walter Bruch was a member of the Television and Cinema Technology Association. In 1974 he retired, but continued to participate in various standardization bodies. Fracture died in 1990, the family grave is located at the city cemetery Engesohde in Hanover.
The lying not far from the former Telefunken basic research laboratories at the Vahrenwalder Street Walter Break Road in Hanover district Brink - port was named after the inventor, 2002. The House 3 Mittweida named " Walter - breaking construction ". The vocational training center of the district of St. Wendel called Dr. Walter fraction School