The waltz is a piece of music in 3/4-time, in Latin America and in 6/8-measure. The name was derived from the dance figure " rolls ", which means " turning".
The waltz came as a dance after the first half of the 18th century and became fashionable in all walks of life. He supplanted the minuet and had the reputation of the vernacular and Germans against the French Aristocratic and the minuet. Whether he has evolved from southern Germany or Austrian Landler or arose parallel to it, is controversial.
While standing also in triple meter minuet has a baroque regular pulse, the weights in waltz time are unevenly distributed, and the bass usually plays only on the first beat. While the minuet again gives the impression of walking, the Waltz gives the the swing. Until the beginning of the 19th century is the waltz tempo very fast ( " Langaus " ), in its "classical" period after the Congress of Vienna it levels off at about one second per cycle.
The approximately half as fast version of the dance, the Slow Waltz, was born in the late 19th century.
Famous danceable waltz by Josef Lanner, Johann Strauss (father), his son Johann Strauss (Son ) (eg the Danube Waltz, 1867) as well as by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Many operas and operettas included on stage danced waltz music. Among others, Franz Schubert, Frédéric Chopin and Franz Liszt wrote waltzes for piano that are carried forward in the rubato or in agogically play. Waltz for orchestra, which are also not intended for dance, for example, originate from Johannes Brahms and Johann Strauss ( son). Also among the songs and symphonic movements of Gustav Mahler, there are some waltz.
Maurice Ravel's La Valse work is a prominent self-reference to the epoch of the Viennese waltz. It is listed as a piano reduction of the orchestral version and equal rights.
As a symphonic movement, the waltz could not displace the minuet, more or less veiled it sometimes occurs as a scherzo. The Vienna Walzer Orchestra between Lanner and Strauss have an introduction duple time and, after a high-contrast series of waltzes, a quick coda. French waltzes are in three pieces with an increasing pace.