As a bathhouse is referred to historically ( Old High German asked, warm swim ' ) means in about hygienic or medical reasons baths can be taken.
Today, it refers to - especially legally - rather all institutionalized and construction, public institutions such as closed for swimming as medical or recreational facility ( bathing establishments, such as swimming pool, outdoor swimming pool, natural pool, Spa, in a broader sense saunas and the like).
In bathrooms Travel often a combination of bathing and drinking cures was performed. In the description of iron-containing mineral springs and baths Kellberg next Passau by Professor J. Waltl from the year 1839 we find, after extensive descriptions of the tourist destinations in the area and an analysis of soil and water quality, only from page 87 a section on " method of application of the mineral water ", where information about bathing and for drinking cures alternating with each other. About the facilities of the bathhouse one learns a few pages later that " even cold bath, shower, dripping, dust, steam and iodine baths are furnished ," which but the description of the " institution" has already found its end. Hardly detail Bernhard Ritter expresses in his work Niedernau. Spa and bathhouse in the Kingdom of Württemberg, Rottenburg 1869. He suggests a long historical arc, starting with the Roman times, before he finally comes to speak of the Czech Bathhouse Raid in 1804 furnished. It is learned that the institution " 14 Badcabinette and on floors 70 living room, along with a dining, Conversations and dance hall" contained knight to time what it was yet another accommodation for 25 guests. In the chapter on spa treatments Neckar baths, mineral water and pine needle baths, salt baths, pine needles, steam baths and showers are listed.
The first flow bathhouse in Europe was created in 1760 in Paris on the Seine. This was followed by, for example, riverside pools in the Rhine at Mannheim in 1777, in the Danube near Vienna in 1781 and in the Oder near Breslau in 1783. Hamburg had towards the end of the 19th century about 14 riverside pools. On the Inner Alster a building designed by John August Arend bathing ship was from 1793 with twelve dressing chambers, from which the guests could rise in so-called bathing boxes - crates, by pouring the Alsterwasser. 1888, the Alster desire was opened, a restaurant with bathhouse, which rested on piles in the Alster and for men and women had separate swimming pools, whose water was moved by gears.
1824 requested the Cannstatt citizens Johann Schiller the permission to set up a flow bathhouse for circles next to the general public river pool, had reservations about the public body. He found numerous supporters. This development for civil Salonbad with exclusion of the lower orders was a common phenomenon; so were about in Würzburg needy who had previously had a doctor's certificate for admission to the bathhouse of the entrepreneur Obert, after a transformation of this institution there is no longer swim. Obert saw instead the establishment of a separate cold bath for the lower classes before, as it was elsewhere also operated as the bourgeois clientele is disgusted by the filth diseases of the lower class and did not want to use together with this the swimming area. Citizens baths replaced the in most households still lack of bathroom and usually served not only personal hygiene but were often associated with social get-together in a closed circle and dining. In Eisenach, founded 1906, the senior spa doctor and hygienist Charles DuMont the Sophienbad as cure and Burgerbad. In addition to bathing with massage and Trinkkurangeboten visitors were able to take advantage of the located in the basement of the house and the outbuildings steam laundry of the spa company at discounted prices and thus increased the profitability of the indoor pool, which was closed in 1990.
The word " bathhouse " was sometimes another term for public baths. Since the mid-20th century on the one hand, many public baths were closed because they made superfluous bathroom in the apartments, on the other hand, outdoor and indoor swimming pools were built. The traditional concept bathhouse remained in many places obtained and then characterized as a new bathhouse a swimming pool.