La Ola ( from the Spanish for " ola ", the "wave " ), is, in German also La -Ola - Wave, wave or spectators stadium wave is accomplished by the mass public performance in stages. The spectators mimic a circularly moving around the stadium waving, by successively short high tear the arms in a predetermined direction. The optical effect is sometimes reinforced by a short and rising Wiederhinsetzen. Acoustically, the wave is often accompanied with a loud hooting. Thus, the audience noticed easier the approaching " wave crest " and thus its use for the described movement.
Physically it is a transverse wave
The American cheerleader Krazy George Henderson takes claim for themselves, the audience wave invented and declared on 15 October 1981 during the American League Championship Series at the Oakland -Alameda County Coliseum to the audience, to have.
Other sources claim that the Audience Wave of Cheerleader Robb Weller invented and performed on October 31, 1981 at Husky Stadium, University of Washington at a football game the Washington Huskies against the team of Stanford was - at first in a vertical version, from below continuously upwards. This version was not crowned with success, so Robb Weller tried a horizontal version, which was accepted by the public. The long-time conductor of the University band, Bill Bissell, lays claim to a participation in the invention of the shaft.
La Ola international audience was shown for the first time on August 8 at the 1984 Summer Olympics in the United States. Approximately 80,000 people held the shaft during football match between Brazil and Italy in Stanford Stadium.
Even the Mexicans complain about the making of La Ola for itself and transfer its origin in the Estadio Universitario of 1984. Through two years later discharged in Mexico FIFA World Cup 1986, the stadium wave became known worldwide.
From 1987 La Ola was also introduced in hockey. When Bundesliga ESV Kaufbeuren was in the game against the Cologne EC for the first time the "wave " intoned by the announcer. The "wave" rolled over ten times the sold out stadium at Berliner Platz.
Among football fans La Ola is controversial. Many consider it the epitome of enthusiasm, because it involves the entire stadium. Others criticize it as a sign of the event character of football matches, because the audience is only celebrated itself, the wave, the audience distracted from the actual game and the Anfeuerungseffekt for the players is low. The critics admit that viewers start the wave, especially when only little interesting scenes can be seen in the game itself. Again and again it comes to expressions of discontent ( whistles ) of the participants, when the shaft runs in the rostrum or the opponents' supporters. Recently, however, La Ola is usually only used when the home team delivers a very convincing performance and therefore leads as high as possible or is just about to retract an important victory.
The wave is launched today mostly by the audience count down in a block of the stadium loud from ten to one. Then they all raise their hands at the same time and thus produce the wave crest, which is then continued laterally and so gets into motion. The direction is different from stadium to stadium. Usually, several such experiments are necessary until the wave circles the stadium.
In the film When Harry Met Sally (1989 ) there is a scene during a football game, must sit up again and again during the dialogue in which Harry and Jess in the stands, because the spectators hold the shaft.
A mathematical model of La Ola was introduced in 2002 by Dirk Helbing and two Hungarian researchers.
The phrase often used a La -Ola - shaft is made Etymologically, a tautology. The Spanish phrase " La Ola " literally means an "The Wave". Both the indefinite article " a " and the word " wave" so to double aspects " La Ola " already expresses.