The Wedding is a district of Berlin in the Mitte district. The present district was formed in 2001 by dividing the - formerly belonging to West Berlin - Wedding district along the line Reinickendorfer street and highway street. Until the administrative reform on 1 January 2001, there were the independent district of Wedding, which included the present-day districts of Wedding and healthy well. This district was united by the reform with the former districts of Mitte and Tiergarten to the new Mitte district.
The Wedding is mentioned in two documents from the 13th century: in 1251 it was " a mill in the area of the village, which Weddinge was built on the river name Pankow " and in 1289 for "the real feud and with the Homesteads Wedding affiliated title of a fief. "
In the 13th century the village Wedding, was mentioned as a deserted village, so as abandoned settlement. The mill of the place was sold to the Benedictine monastery in Spandau, the feud lying on the boundary of the village was owned by the city of Berlin. In the 14th century, the land of Berlin citizens were still being used for agriculture, then it grew over completely with pine and oak trees and was called " Berlin city Heide". In the 17th century a manor house was built on the territory of today Nettelbeck square, which was already in 1603 passed to the Elector of Brandenburg. This allowed it to build a Vorwerk. Thus, the electoral estate domain and no longer legally the city of Berlin was duly.
In connection with the expansion of Berlin and the required wood for the city heath was almost completely cleared so that the land was deserted at the Wedding. In the 18th century, the extensive colonization of the area north of Berlin, and thus also of Weddings began. In 1778 the first settlers houses were built in the area of today's Wedding place. 1782, Frederick II founded a colony to the farm was named Wedding or New Wedding due to their proximity.
Middle of the 19th century kept gambling and prostitution in the Wedding collection. He transformed himself thus to a nightclub district.
In 1861, the annexation took place in Berlin.
After 1945 until German reunification in 1990, the Wedding district belonged to the French sector of Berlin.
Since the 1970s, settled in the traditional working-class neighborhood numerous - often also Turkish - guest workers and other immigrants, since there cheaper housing was available, what the district gave a multicultural character.
Residents and often also the Berlin media refer to the term " Wedding" continues on the territory of the former borough of Wedding.
The Wedding is one of the few place names that are used in German with articles; the Wedding reminiscent of the origin as the nobleman Rudolf de Weddinghe built manor and Vorwerk and consequently told " he lives on the Wedding" ( in the city dialect " he lives uff'm Wedding" ) or " the Wedding". Today, however, it is preferred or, increasingly, by the newcomers, the phrase " in Wedding " used " the Wedding".
" Where shall I live? Like all fine Leite, W. Berlin rear with en 'thing'! -? - Na man vastehste, nich, Berlin Wedding "!
Neighborhoods and neighborhood
The Wedding will be largely influenced by old buildings with rear buildings from the period and multi-storey building of social housing in the 1970s and 1980s. An exception is the African quarter between the Rehberge Park and Schiller Park. Here, surrounded by the typical green spaces housing developments of the 1920s and 1930s are determinative. Particularly significant are the UNESCO World Heritage-listed settlement Schiller Park, and the Friedrich- Ebert- settlement.
Near the Metro Station Reinickendorfer road and the railway station is the Wedding Erika Hess ice rink. It is the winter home of the Berlin ice hockey club FASS Berlin. Due to the few Berlin ice, the ice rink is also home to the second ECC Preussen Berlin Juniors.
Important places in Wedding
- August Platz
- Eckernförder place
- Leopold Square ( colloquially Leo )
- Louise - Schroeder - space
- Max -Josef -Metzger -Platz
- Beijing place
Green areas in Wedding
- Schiller Park
- Rehberge Park
- Goethe Park
The Wedding with 81 595 inhabitants ( as of December 31, 2013) at the third richest district population (of six) of the district center. He has an average age of 38 to 40 years.
The proportion of the foreign population in Wedding is 30 %. Throughout the district center is the proportion of foreigners at 27.14%, the Berlin average at 13.7%. A migration background have 48.3% of the residents in Wedding. 2011 came the largest ethnic groups in the following areas of origin:
- Germany: 40 476 ( 51.7 % of population)
- Turkey: 13,998 (17.8% of the population)
- Black Africa: 5011 (6.4 % of population)
- Arab States: 4670 ( 5.9 % of population)
- Poland: 4665 ( 5.9 % of population)
- Former Yugoslavia: 4207 (5.3 % of population)
- Former Soviet Union: 1927 ( 2.4 % of population)
- East Asia (among China, South Korea, etc.): 1342 ( 1.7 % of population)
- Southeast Asia (among Vietnam, Thailand, etc.): 1130 (1.4 % of population)
- South Asia (India, Pakistan, etc.): 1022 ( 1.3 % of population)
In the district of Wedding are the following public transport traffic lines:
- Ring rail lines S41 and S42
- U6 to Alt-Tegel - Alt -Marie village
- U9 Oslo road - Rathaus Steglitz
- Line M13 Virchow -Klinikum - Warschauer Straße
- Line 50 Virchow -Klinikum - Guyotstraße (French Buchholz)
- Line M27 S U Jungfernheide - S U Pankow
- Line 106 underground lake road - Lindenhof ( Schöneberg)
- Line 120 S U Hauptbahnhof - S U Wittenau
- Line 142 U Leopold Square - S Ostbahnhof
- Line 221 U Leopoldsplatz - Bern Hausener ring ( Maerkisches Quarter)
- Line 247 U Leopold Square - S North Station
- Line 327 U Leopold Square - S Schönholz
→ See also: List of streets and squares in Berlin-Wedding
One of the Osramhöfe, Groninger Straße
Job center center Müllerstraße (formerly Labour Office ) in the Müller Straße 16
Supermarket in the Müllerstraße
House in Glasgow street
Settlement Schiller Park, Grade II listed houses Bristol Street
Centre Français in Müllerstraße
Miniature Eiffel Tower at the Centre Français
Edinburgh street, at Schiller Park
Liverpool / Müllerstraße
Müller road near Rehberge underground station
Baptist Church Wedding
Crematorium at the cemetery urn Gerichtstraße
In the field of environmental education center in the middle Scharnweberstraße 158/159 is the dune Wedding. It is the last urban Pleistocene dune Germany and protected as areal natural monument.