The Wedemark is a municipality in the region of Hanover, Lower Saxony with its administrative seat in the district of Melle village. Wedemark is a historic landscape designation for the area. Since 2008 Wedemark has a decision of the State Government the status of the independent municipality.
The community is considered upmarket residential area and lies in the northern catchment area of the City of Hannover. It demonstrates the average per capita income a place among the top three municipalities in Lower Saxony. The community consists of some villages ( hamlets ), which by good transport infrastructure (S -Bahn Hannover, close to highways 2 and 7) and by good local recreation opportunities ( proximity to the Lüneburg Heath and relatively easy accessibility of resin and North and Baltic Sea) highly attractive features.
Its proximity to the state capital and the S-Bahn connection the community has grown since the 1970s by then 24,000 inhabitants on today around 29,000 inhabitants quickly become a preferred place of residence.
- 2.1 Ecclesiastical History
- 2.2 Managing affiliation
- 3.1 municipal
- 3.2 Mayor
- 3.3 Town twinning
- 5.1 traffic
- 5.2 educational institutions
- 5.3 Sport
The Wedemark borders Burgwedel, Isernhagen, Langenhagen, Garbsen and Neustadt am Ruebenberge (all Region Hannover ) and to Lindwedel ( District of Heidekreis ) and Wietze (Landkreis Celle) ( clockwise from the East).
The Wedemark divided into districts
- Berkhof with Plumhof
- And Sprockhof
- Melle village
- Oegenbostel with Bestenbostel
- And Ibsingen
- And Wiechendorf
- Wennebostel - Wietze
Today's Wedemark created by the voluntary association of several settlements for mutual protection and assistance. The name " Wedemark " which, a border area indicates a "mark", goes back to the noble family of the Bill Unger, who ruled in the Saxon districts 950-1106. Mid-16th century they had established the Amtsvogtei bite village in the eastern part of the Wedemark. You and the Amtsvogtei Burgwedel were under the ducal bailiwick in Celle. In Brelingen, on the Brelinger mountain and in the village of Melle ducal bailiffs held court. The Lüneburg Amtsvogtei bite village bordered to the south and west by the Principality of Calenberg; here to the Office Langenhagen and to the offices Rickingen and Neustadt am Ruebenberge. In the north and east of the bailiwicks Burgwedel, nettle and Winsen were. The river Wietze formed the natural border between the Office bailiwicks bite village and castle Wedel and between the bishoprics of Minden and Hildesheim.
Agriculture and the sandy, marshy and swampy ground ( Bissendorfer Moor ) by Melle village was barely profitable. Only undemanding buckwheat was grown. Horse, ox and honey trade were livelihoods. In 1854 was built in Melle village a windmill; Wind and water mills in the 19th century dominated the landscape of the Wedemark. On Mellendorfer " Lönssee " a brick had been built that handles overlapping tone here. The economic development of the underdeveloped Wedemark began with the installation of the railway line Langenhagen Schwarmstedt, which was placed in 1889 in the corridor spaces of Bissendorf and Melle village. Two years later, they put the stations in bite village, Melle village, Bennemühlen, Lindwedel and Hope.
- Pre-Reformation On a hill in the village of Melle, a chapel was built in the immediate vicinity of the Meier farm in the 13th century, which belonged to the parish of St. Michael in bite village. The church building was probably a " private church establishment" of the family "of Melliendorff " and was by her economically equipped as pastor. The parish of the Holy St. George parish church consecrated only enclosed the settlement Melle village. Even with the settlement naming of Melle village in 1225, the chapel was mentioned, the 1330/1350 appears as a parish church in the documents. Your diocesan affiliation is controversial because Melle village in direct ecclesiastical border area between Minden and Hildesheim; is presumably one belonging to the diocese of Hildesheim. The rights of patronage over the Chapel of St. George were among the " Lords of Melliendorff ", then the Dukes of Brunswick- Lüneburg.
- Evangelical Lutheran Since Duke Ernst the Confessor (1497-1546), the Martin Luther in Wittenberg student was in during the tenure there, and had adopted the Protestant faith, this patronage rights claimed, he had a visitation Melle village already in 1527. Since 1529 here Protestant service was held.
- Evangelical Free Church Since 2001, in the district Brelingen an Evangelical Free Church congregation ( Brethren ).
- Catholic Residents with the Catholic faith were rare in Melle village; 1895 lived 19 Catholics in place. They were cared for pastorally by the St. Bernward parish Taught. By 1957, they belonged to the parish of St. Ludwig church law in Celle. After 1945 the number of Catholics increased by the influx of displaced persons and refugees to 1,400. Many Catholics from East Prussia and Silesia lived in Melle village. Your pastoral care took over St. Mary's in Langenhagen; the church some 15 km distant was visited by the Catholics Wedemarker partly on foot. After hiring an own pastor, the first Mass was held in 1946 in a guest house in the village of Melle. Soon afterwards rented a hut that was used to build a parish church in 1959 as a chapel. Melle village was pastoral station, which covered an area of 242 km ². Foreign service stations you set up in Abbensen, bite Village / Wietze, Elze, Fuhrberg, Oegenbostel, Resse and Hope, where the Mass was celebrated in the Protestant churches. Since especially Melle village had become the economic center of the Wedemark, a new church was built here in the years 1958 to 1959. Mary Immaculate Church in 1958 was chosen as the patron saint; this occasion of the centennial celebration in Lourdes. With effect from July 1, 1957 addressed Bishop Heinrich Maria Janssen ( 1957-1982 ), the Catholic. Parish ( Kuratie ) Mary Immaculate in Melle village. Your pastoral parish comprised 29 villages, of which 26 were in the district of Burgdorf and two in the district Fallingbostel. By far the larger community share, about 95 %, provided the expellees. In addition, living in the parish 4% evacuees and 1% native Catholics. In 1958, we assisted a total of 1,655 parishioners. 1970 received the Mellendorfer parish Pfarrkreistatus. Your pastoral parish includes the area of the unit Wedemark. The village Fuhrberg was umgepfarrt 1970 in the St Paul's Burgwedel.
St. George's Church in the village of Melle
St. Mary's Church in the village of Melle
Michaelis Church in Bissendorf
The Act on the formation of the "Greater Hannover area " of 1962, the county was divided Burgdorf, belonged to the Wedemarker districts that time today, in this special purpose association. Through the " Hannover- law," a local government reform of 1 March 1974, the 16 previously independent municipalities ( see Listing Boroughs ) were summarized for Wedemark, which has since formed the 16 districts. The name " Wedemark " was chosen because it is a historical and natural spatial landscape designation in which lie the districts. A place of the same name does not exist. As administrative center, the centrally located village of Melle was determined. Since 1 November 2001, the Wedemark belongs to the region of Hannover.
Through the local elections on 11 September 2011, the following distribution of seats in the 36 -member council was:
- SPD: 15 seats
- CDU: 13 seats
- GREEN: 5 seats
- WGW: 1 seat
- FDP: 1 seat
- LEFT: 1 seat
In the legislative period 2006-2011 represented a coalition of factions of the SPD, the Greens and the FDP majority in the Council. Since the local elections of 2011, the factions of the SPD and the Greens have a majority and work together as a coalition.
From 2006 to October 10, 2013 was Tjark Bartels (SPD ) full-time mayor of Wedemark. On February 9, 2014 was elected as the new mayor Helge Zychlinski (SPD).
The Wedemark maintains with the French town of Roye, since March 1984, a twinning. Since 2009, the community maintains close contacts with the Swedish Gislaved Municipality.
In addition, maintain and look after the schools links with foreign partner schools as the high school to the English town of Horncastle,
Culture and sights
- 61 m high telecommunications tower of Deutsche Telekom AG of reinforced concrete. This built in 1951 at the height at the Friedrich Mellendorfer outskirts tower carries an operating room at a height of 27 meters. Officially, this is the radio tower, among others.
- In the district of bite village was built in 1691 with the Office house one of the finest secular buildings Wedemark, which among other things houses the registrar's office.
- The Brelinger mountain is a popular hiking and recreation area. As a project of the Region of Hannover Garden was created since 2006, the Geological adventure trail Moving stones, a 5.5 km long trail on the east side of the mountains Brelinger. Eleven stations provide on the track information on the glacial history and its associated phenomena. The date last stop is a moving stone, which can be moved by the visitors on rails.
- In Negenborn the water mill was operated in the present building from 1779 to 1966, even if it is assured that here a watermill with associated farm has been farmed since 1644. Here is also the half-timbered chapel of 1693, which was built on the foundations of the previous chapel.
- In place Wennebostel is an 850 year old natural monument, the largest oak in the village. The " Mackensen - oak " stands on the Forsthof, the earlier, 1900 laid by Fuhrberg office of the forester.
Economy and infrastructure
To the penultimate turn of the century had been promoted in Melle village of sand and gravel, which was sold in neighboring Hanover. 1926 settled in place an enamel down. A cardboard and electronics company as well as numerous medium-sized retail businesses at that time offered jobs. Due to the extremely brisk construction activity temporarily won sand and gravel extraction in importance again. The Wedemark today is not only industrial and commercial center, but also a residential area close to the industrial center of Hanover. Specialized companies with partly European market validity are based here, including the audio equipment manufacturer Sennheiser.
2011 aroused the plan contractor Günter Papenburg look up to connect two gravel mining areas with a piercing through the back of Brelinger mountain. The necessary change in the country's regional plan was requested by the Fa Papenburg. Shortly before the decision by the Cabinet brought numerous demonstrations decision to case. The CDU criticized Mayor Bartels that he called the campaign to " Mountain Rescue " to life. Mayor Bartels justified the intervention with the short-term, and threw the lead Department of Agriculture prior to making this change consciously at a time when the assessment was completed. Even before the Kabniettsbeschluss left the ruling factions of the CDU and FDP and the opposition SPD and Greens declare that they would not support the planned expansion.
For the territory of Wedemark a police station has jurisdiction which has its seat in Melle village.
The Wedemark is connected with three stations on the railway network, the S -Bahn Hannover. The S-Bahn connects the districts Elze - Bennemühlen, Melle village and bite village with Hannover and Hildesheim. In Melle village also hold regional trains towards Soltau. The other districts are linked by bus services of the regional bus Hanover.
On the eastern edge of the community, the Federal Highway 7 runs, this is accessed via two connection points of the municipality from. In addition, the Federal Highway 352 runs through the Wedemark with a connection point in the adjacent Langenhagener district Kaltenweide.
The airport Hannover -Langenhagen Airport is about 10 km away from the commune.
In the larger districts are a total of six public elementary schools and a Montessori elementary school.
All secondary schools in the municipality, the Gymnasium Melle village, the Realschule Wedemark, the Konrad -Adenauer- secondary school, the IGS Wedemark and two special schools, are located in the district of Melle village.
The Mellendorfer ice rink " Icehouse " is regarded as the origin of the well-established in the German Ice Hockey League ice hockey team Hannover Scorpions under the leadership of former CDU member of parliament Jochen Haselbacher. The best-known professional hockey player is Leonard Soccio. Today, the EC Wedemark Scorpions play in the Regionalliga Nord. Several hundred spectators regularly attend the games.
Furthermore, the Bissendorfer Panthers have made as an inline skater hockey team in Germany a name. The soccer women's team of Mellendorfer TV played in the seasons 2008/2009 and 2011/2012 in the 2nd Bundesliga of women. In Wedemark DLRG a local group exists.
The Wedemark is the seat of the German Association for classical baroque riding Germany eV
- Hinrich Braasch (1878-1968), German writer down
- Fritz Sennheiser (1912-2010), engineer and entrepreneur, the first honorary citizen of the community Wedemark
- Helmut König ( born 1930 ), music publishers and songwriters
- Horst Podlasly (1936-2007), football player
- Klaus Meine ( born 1948 ), vocalist of the Scorpions, songwriter
- Matthias Jabs ( born 1955 ), guitarist with the Scorpions
- Manfred Kohrs ( born 1957 ), conceptual artist, economist
- Günter Lenz ( * 1959), politician
- Caren Marks ( born 1963 ), member of the Bundestag (SPD ), spokesperson of the " Working Group on Family, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth " of the SPD parliamentary group
- Frank Armin Hanebuth (* 1964), Hells Angels President
- Michael Schütz (born 1966 ), football player and coach
- Janina Depping (1978-2013), rally driver
- Heinz Rudolf Kunze - ( born 1956 ), rock singer, writer