Weight reduction - also known as weight loss or weight loss - is the reduction of body weight ( body mass) in humans ( or animals).
Basically it comes to weight reduction, if the body during metabolism less energy in the form of food and drink is supplied as are consumed by basal metabolic rate and physical activity and thereby a negative energy balance is created.
Targeted weight loss
Healthy goal: reduction of excess weight
A targeted weight loss ( sl detaching) can be achieved by a combination of the following measures:
- Reduced feeding with diet
- Muscle building to increase the basal metabolic rate
- Increased physical activity through sports and fitness training
Diet alone is not sufficient for the targeted weight reduction. It is desirable, in addition to diet and build muscle mass (muscle building). Is because once sufficient muscle mass present, calories are burned faster.
A targeted weight loss is especially necessary in obesity, which often occurs in industrialized countries, where only a few people to do hard physical labor and an abundance of food is available. In very overweight (obesity ), measures of obesity surgery may be used.
A good guide to the change in diet and regular monitoring of weight reduction with acquiring other parameters such as scopes, etc. by a designated trained person is also required for long-term success in weight reduction.
The aim is to reach a normal weight or at least a reduction of excess weight. This one promises the following positive effects:
- Better health and thus higher life expectancy
- Increased fitness
- Enjoy life more
- Sleeker look
Also, certain eating disorders can have a weight loss goal, but the result due to misguided self-perception in underweight.
Unintentional weight loss in periods of hunger and poverty
Unintentional weight loss is usually the result of hunger and disease and the long term leads to underweight. This occurs today, especially in developing countries where foods are often not sufficiently available. Even in times of need in Central Europe played a role emaciation. So, in magazines across the first half of the 20th century, classified as those of 1931:
"Against leanness you always gebrauche only Steiner Oriental. Power pills. They cause significant weight gain in a short time, thriving appearance and beautiful, full body shape ( magnificent bust for ladies ); strengthen the work of lust, blood and nerves. "
In the second half of the century disappeared ads for weight gain from German magazines. However, obesity in advertisements was the more important issue even in times of world wars. In the above-cited journal ads to find with the claim: " How strong women slimmer ", "Obesity? Entfettungstee! "And" Is slimming just fashion? "