Weihai (Chinese威海, Pinyin Wēihǎi, formerly威海 卫/威海 卫, Wēihǎiwèi ) is a city in northeastern Shandong province of the People's Republic of China with an area of 5436 km ². In 2004 2.483.889 inhabitants were counted.
Administratively located Weihai is composed of a city district ( Huancui ) and three independent cities ( Weihai, Rongcheng, Rushan ).
Weihai is the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop. There are hot springs in the city, the coast are offshore islands many. British sailors gave the city the nickname Way High.
Weihai was a stronghold of the Chinese Navy. In the First Sino-Japanese War the city was besieged and the warships, who escaped earlier from the Battle of the yuan, were destroyed on February 2, 1895 in the harbor. The commanding admiral thing Ruchang committed suicide.
British leased territory
, From 1st July 1898-1930 Weihai was a British leased territory under the name Weihaiwei. The contract had the assignment provided "as long as Port Arthur is Russian. " Port Ma - tou was called at that time Port Edward. On the island it vorgelagterten Liu -kung- tao lived about 4000 people in two villages. The census in 1911 was 147 177 inhabitants, including 215 Europeans, who in about 330 villages within the lease area (size approximately 735 km ²) lived. In the city itself there were about 4600 people. The colonial administration was in deficit: Revenue of £ 7,692, plus £ 5,000 grant in 1910 was offset by expenditure of £ 14,805.
In 1949 the city was renamed.
The prefecture-level city of Weihai is made at the county level from one municipality and three independent cities. These are:
- Municipality Huancui -环翠 区Huancui Qū ( seat of government )
- City Weihai - Weihai文 登 市Shì
- Rongcheng City -荣成 市Rongcheng Shì
- Rushan City -乳山 市Rǔshān Shì
- Russia, Sochi (since 1996)
- Tunisia Sousse, Sahel, Tunisia, since 2007