Weizmann Institute of Science
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Originally the institute in 1934 by the chemist and later President of Israel, Chaim Weizmann, under the name " Daniel Sieff Research Institute " (Daniel Sieff Research Institute) was founded. On November 2, 1949, was renamed to its present name and Chaim Weizmann became its first president. At the inauguration ceremony Weizmann said: "The Institute is the fulfillment of a vision and the implementation of a dream into reality. It can contribute Much to the benefit of Israel, and when peace in the Middle East comes it will do good to our neighbors and good for humanity. " German-Jewish chemist and Nobel Prize winner Fritz Haber had originally accepted the offer, first director of the chemical- to be physical institute. However, he died on a stopover in Basel in January 1934, before he could take office.
The Weizmann Institute has played an important role in the development of Israel. An early focal point was the cancer research, which today plays an important part. Various drugs have been developed at the Weizmann Institute, including Copaxone and Rebif, which are used for treatment of multiple sclerosis. WEIZAC, the first computer in the country - and also one of the first mainframe world - was built in 1954-1955 at the Institute and then used. The nation's first department of Nuclear Physics was established in 1976 and the now disused Koffler particle accelerator was completed, which is the emblem of the institute today. The logo of the Institute is a fig tree, and is also associated with the tree of life.
Today, about 2,600 researchers, technicians and students working on the approximately one square kilometer campus. Unlike many other academic institutions in Israel, such as the Technion, is at the Weizmann Institute in basic research in the foreground. The Feinberg Graduate School is the academic branch, offered in the master's and doctoral studies. The language of instruction is English.
The annual budget of the Weizmann Institute is approximately 1 billion shekels (~ 200 million euros ). This is carried by the state of Israel about a quarter. The rest is applied by research grants, patent revenue and private donations.
The Weizmann Institute was rated in 2011 by the American magazine The Scientist due to an annual survey as the best academic employers worldwide.
Faculties and departments
The Institute is organized into five faculties: mathematics and computer science, physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology. The faculties are divided into several departments.
- Mathematics and Computer Science mathematics
- Computer Science and Applied Mathematics
- Physics Physics of Complex Systems
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Particle Physics and Astrophysics
- Chemistry physical chemistry
- Environmental Sciences and Energy Research
- Materials and Interfaces
- Organic chemistry
- Structural Biology
- Biochemistry Biological Chemistry
- Plant Sciences
- Molecular genetics
- Structural proteomics
- Biology Biological Regulation
- Molecular Cell Biology
- Science Teaching
Holocaust Memorial by Dani Karavan
Clore Garden of Science
WEIZAC - The first computer Israel
On campus, the Weizmann Institute has two museums: the Science Garden ( Clore Garden of Science) and the Weizmann House. In the science garden natural phenomena can be explored in about 80 interactive scientific experiments. Topics include the laws of physics, solar and hydro power, sound, and geometry. In a geodesic dome principles of ecology are taught. The Weizmann House is designed by Erich Mendelsohn in the International style estate of Vera and Chaim Weizmann. After her death, it was reopened as a museum in 1978, in which the private spaces of the first Israeli president and his wife can be seen.
- Uri Alon ( Systems Biology )
- Ruth Arnon ( immunologist, Wolf Prize in Medicine 1998)
- Isaac Berenblum ( cancer researcher )
- Ernst David Bergmann ( chemists, nuclear scientist )
- Amos de Shalit, physicists
- Oded Goldreich, computer
- Shafrira Goldwasser ( computer scientist, two-time winner of the Gödel Prize, Turing Award 2012 )
- Haim Harari ( physicist )
- David Harel, computer
- Ephraim Katzir ( biophysicist, fourth president of Israel )
- Michael Levitt, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
- Shneior Lifson, chemists
- Harry Lipkin ( physicist )
- Mordehai Milgrom ( physicist, developer of the MOND theory )
- David Milstein (chemist, Israel Prize 2012)
- Chaim L. Pekeris, geophysicists
- Amir Pnueli ( computer scientist, Turing Award 1996)
- Albert Sabin (physician and virologist )
- Leo Sachs (molecular biologist, Wolf Prize in Medicine 1980)
- Michael Sela ( Biochemist, Wolf Prize in Medicine 1998)
- Adi Shamir ( cryptology expert, Turing Award 2002 )
- Igal Talmi ( physicist )
- Chaim Weizmann (chemist, first President of Israel )
- Meir Wilchek ( biochemist, inventor of affinity chromatography, Wolf Prize in Medicine 1987)
- Ada Yonath ( structural biologist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009 )
- Chaim Weizmann ( predecessor institution from 1934 and 1949 to 1952 )
- Abba Eban (1959-1966)
- Meyer Weisgal (1966-1970)
- Albert Sabin (1970-1972)
- Israel Dostrovsky (1972-1975)
- Michael Sela (1975-1985)
- Aryeh Dvoretzky (1985-1988)
- Haim Harari (1988-2001)
- Ilan Chet (2001-2006)
- Daniel Zajfman (from 2006)
German Society of Friends of the Weizmann Institute eV
The German Society of Friends of the Weizmann Institute was founded in 1981. The independent non-profit organization supported by the work of the Weizmann Institute of Science of Germany. Moreover, German friends want to win the support of government agencies, institutes, associations, foundations, companies and individuals. If possible, the German friends give funding for selected research projects and other activities of the Weizmann Institute.
Chairman of the German Society of Friends of the Weizmann Institute eV, established in Zarrentin am Schaalsee (Mecklenburg- Vorpommern) is since April 2008, the former Lord Mayor of Heidelberg, Beate Weber. It replaced Kaspar von Harnier, who did not run for this office.
The aim is to make the long-term scientific cooperation between German and Israeli scientists at the Weizmann Institute in Germany yet known and further promote the lively scientific exchange by young people in this area.