Werner Rauh

Werner Rauh ( born May 16, 1913 in Niemegk (district Bitterfeld ); † April 7, 2000 in Heidelberg) was an internationally renowned German botanist. Its official botanical author abbreviation is " rough ".

Rauh worked on the systematics, morphology and biogeography of plants. On many expeditions he explored the flora of America, Africa and Asia. His focus was on bromeliads and succulents. About 1200 species, subspecies and varieties were discovered by Werner Rauh and / or described. His herbarium is deposited at the Ruprecht -Karls- University of Heidelberg in Heidelberg Herbarium. His collection of living plants is to visit the local botanical garden still.

In his works, especially the pictorial language is striking, with whom he reached it, to describe the locations of plant species vividly.


Werner Rauh was born on 16 May 1913 in Niemegk. His school education, he ended with the 1932 graduating from the local high school. He then studied at the universities of Leipzig, Innsbruck and Halle ( Saale), Botany, Zoology, Chemistry and Geology. In 1937 he completed his studies at the University of Halle from the doctorate. His dissertation dealt with the hypocotyl and root formation and its influence on the shape of the plant. After a assistantship at the Botanical Institute of the Ruprecht -Karls- University of Heidelberg in 1939, he served during World War II as a meteorologist in the Navy. Back in Heidelberg in 1955 he became associate professor at the University. In 1960, he received a full professorship, was director of the newly founded Institute for Plant Systematics and Plant Geography ( Geobotany ) and director of the Heidelberg Botanical Gardens. After his retirement in 1981 he remained until 1982, director of the botanical garden.

Werner Rauh was a member of the International Organization for Sukkulentenforschung ( IOS) since 1959, was Vice President in 1976 and was active until his death in 2000, the board of the organization.


The estate of Werner Rauh is for the most part (field books, photographs and slide collection ) in Rauh's student Wilhelm Barthlott in Bonn. A smaller proportion ( expedition diaries, special print collection, manuscripts ), and the largest part of Rauh's herbarium, including hundreds of Typusaufsammlungen, is located in the Botanic Garden and Herbarium Heidelberg. There his estate is systematically worked at the "Werner Rauh Heritage Project", funded by the Klaus Tschira Foundation since 2009.



  • Willdenow Medal, Berlin
  • Veitch Memorial Medal of the Royal Horticultural Society, London
  • Cactus d'Or 1978
  • " Knight of the National Order" Madagascar, 1999.
  • Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany ( Merit ), 1999

Named after rough taxa

In his honor, the plant genera were

  • Rauhia Traub the family of Amaryllis ( Amaryllidaceae )
  • Rauhocereus Backeb. the cactus family ( Cactaceae )
  • Werauhia JRGrant the family Bromeliaceae ( Bromeliaceae )


The following plant species have also been named after him:

  • Acanthus ( Acanthaceae ): Dicliptera rauhii Wassh, Justicia rauhii Wassh, Ruellia rauhii Wassh. ..
  • Mesembryanthemum plants ( Aizoaceae ): Conophytum rauhii Phonetic
  • Umbelliferae ( Apiaceae ): Eryngium rauhianum Mathias & Constance
  • Dog poison family ( Apocynaceae ): Caralluma rauhii Lavranos, Cynanchum rauhianum Desc.
  • Asphodelus ( Asphodelaceae ): Aloe rauhii Reynolds, Guillauminia rauhii ( Reynolds ) PVHeath
  • (Asteraceae ): Mutisia rauhii Ferreyra, Pulicaria rauhii E.Gamal - Eldin, Senecio rauhii Cuatrec.
  • Bromeliad ( Bromeliaceae ): Guzmania rauhiana H.Luther, Puya rauhii LBSm, Tillandsia rauhii LBSm, Vriesea rauhii LBSm, Werauhia rauhii JRGrant. ..
  • Cactus ( Cactaceae ): Armatocereus rauhii Backeb, Haageocereus rauhii ( Backeb. ) PVHeath, Opuntia rauhii ( Backeb. ) GDRowley, Weberbauerocereus rauhii Backeb. .
  • Crassulaceae ( Crassulaceae ): Crassula rauhii Friedrich
  • Heather family ( Ericaceae ): Ceratostema rauhii Luteyn, Thibaudia rauhii ACSM.
  • Spurge family ( Euphorbiaceae ): Euphorbia rauhii Haev. & Labat
  • (Malvaceae ): .. Acaulimalva rauhii ( Hochr. ) Krapov, Malvastrum rauhii Hochr, Nototriche rauhii Hochr.
  • Orchids (Orchidaceae): Bulbophyllum rauhii Toill. gene. & Bosser, Eulophidium rauhii Senghas, Lepanthes rauhii Luer Masdevallia rauhii Senghas & LABraas Maxillaria rauhii DEBenn. & Christenson, Neokoehleria rauhii Senghas, Oeceoclades rauhii ( Senghas ) Garay & P.Taylor, Platystele rauhii Luer, genus Rauhiella Pabst & Braga, Scelochilus rauhii Senghas
  • Grasses ( Poaceae ): Calamagrostis rauhii Tovar, Dissanthelium rauhii Swallen & Tovar


  • Morphology of the crops. 2nd edition. Quelle & Meyer Verlag, Heidelberg 1950.
  • Beautiful cactus and other succulents ( = winter science paperbacks. Vol. 31, ZDB - ID 521590-0 ). Winter, Heidelberg, 1967 ( second, completely revised edition Bornträger, Berlin and others 1978, ISBN 3-443-25331-8, also available as:. 100 most beautiful cactus ( = Humboldt paperbacks 370 Practical guide ) Abridged paperback edition Humboldt paperback publisher. ., Munich 1980, ISBN 3-581-66370-8 ).
  • Bromeliads. For room and greenhouse. 2 volumes (Vol. 1: The Tillandsioideen Vol 2. The Bromelioideen and Pitcairnioideen. ). Ulmer, Stuttgart 1970-1973, ISBN 3-8001-6007-2 (Vol. 2) (2nd, revised edition as: bromeliad Tillandsia and other cultural worthy bromeliads ibid. 1981, ISBN 3-8001-6029-3; 3. .. , revised and expanded edition. ibid, 1990, ISBN 3-8001-6371-3 ).
  • The great world of succulents. Propagation and cultivation of succulent plants other than cacti. Parey, Berlin and others, 1967 ( 2nd revised edition. Ibid. 1979, ISBN 3-489-60724-4 ).
  • Cacti on their locations. With particular regard to their morphology and systematics. With keys for determining the species. Parey, Berlin et al 1979, ISBN 3-489-51924-8.
  • Succulent and Xerophytic Plants of Madagascar. 2 vols. Strawberry Press, Mill Valley, CA 1995-1998, ISBN 0-912647-14-0 (vol. 1), ISBN 0-912647-17-0 ( ISBN formally wrong ) (Vol. 2).
  • Overview of other publications Werner Rauh ( PDF) ( 173 kB)