West Hesse Highlands

West Hesse Highlands, and Western Hessian mountain and lowering land is a term for a mostly in Hesse lying, richly forested low mountain country between the right-bank part of the Rhenish Slate Mountains in the west, the Weser Uplands in the north, the Osthessischen mountains to the east and the Wetterau in the south.

The West Hessian mountain country is a natural spatial feature unit group (34 and D46 ) and is part of both the Central European Low Mountain Range and the Rhine -Weser watershed.

The West and Osthessisches Bergland summary Hessian mountain country reflects geological unit of the Hessian Depression in a broader sense, since geologically younger strata of the Zechstein and Buntsandstein, sometimes even younger rocks of the Muschelkalk, the Lower Jurassic and the Tertiary have been preserved.

  • Table 4.1 of the main rivers
  • 4.2 Schwalm and Ohm

Nature regions

The following natural main spatial units ( three digit code ) and next finer units ( one decimal place ) are distinguished ::

  • 34 West Hessian mountain country and sinks 3401 Waldecker climes 3401.0 The Red Country
  • 3401.1 Korbacher country
  • 3402.2 Orpewald
  • 3402.3 Twister hills
  • 3402.4 Arolser plate
  • 3402.6 Ancient Forest
  • 341.0 means Diemel sink
  • 341.1 Rhoder sinks
  • 341.2 Volkmarser pool
  • 341.3 Wolfhager hill country ( Elsbergrücken and Isthaberg )
  • 341.4 Naumburg troughs and ridges ( with Elber Berger ups and Weidelsberg )
  • 341.5 Wildunger Valley
  • 341.6 Hesse forest
  • 341.7 Löwensteiner reason
  • 342.01 hoofer gate
  • 342.02 Langenberg
  • 343.0 Schwalm
  • 343.1 Country Burger Valley
  • 343.2 Hessengau
  • 343.3 Kassel pool
  • 343.4 Hofgeismarer Rötsenke
  • 343.5 northern goshawk forests foreland
  • 344.1 means Kellerwaldsteig
  • 344.2 Wild Ungerberg country
  • 344.3 Large Hardt
  • 344.4 Herzhausen - Hemfurther Eder
  • 344.5 Lower Kellerwaldsteig
  • 345.0 Wetschaft Valley
  • 345.1 Northern Forest Castle
  • 345.2 Southern Castle Forest
  • 345.3 Wohratal
  • 345.4 Colorful Truth
  • 345.5 Frankenberger Oberland
  • 346.0 Gilserberger heights
  • 346.1 Neustadt saddle
  • 346.2 Northern Vogelsberg foreshore
  • 347.0 Ohmsenke
  • 347.1 Amoeneburg ( singularity )
  • 347.2 Ebsdorfer reason
  • 348.0 Marburger Bergland ( with Marburger back and Lahnbergen )
  • 348.1 Giessen pool
  • 349.0 Lumda Plateau
  • 349.1 Ohmtal
  • 349.2 Giessen country back
  • 349.3 Laubacher hills

Landscape characteristics

The tectonics of the Upper Rhine Graben, which continues on the eastern edge of the Rhenish Slate Mountains into the Upper Weser mountain country, formed from a mountain and lowering land here that goes beyond its eastern edge sink, the West Hessian Depression into more volcanic embossed Osthessische Bergland. The ridges do not reach the extreme heights of the peaks to the west and east adjoining ridges.

Reaching the two montaneren parts of this central mountain region even heights up to 675.3 m (Keller forest ) and 614.8 m ( Hawk Forest ), the typical range of hills to stay with peak heights of about 400 m. Between the mountains part exist partly larger river valleys and hollows that go to less than 200 m.

Location of each main units

The up to 614.8 m high hawk forests mountains in the north (up to 523.1 m) separately to the west by the Ostwald Ecker edge lowering in peak positions usually between 400 and 500 m high Waldecker panel, to the south immediately of up to 675, 3 m high Kellerwaldsteig followed. The latter comes in southern directions in two peaks in layers usually at 400 m high mountain ranges over, namely the Castle Forest ( southwest) and the Oberhessische threshold (south).

South of the castle forest in the west follow the Marburg - Lahn Giessen ( on the Lahn hills to 379.4 meters high) and in the east the flat, only at the singularity Amoeneburg about 365 m reach Amöneburg Basin, the further south again by up to 406 8 m high ( Lumda plateau ) Near Vogelsberg continues. On the East runs alongside almost all of these mountain ranges, the Western Hessian sink that follows the valleys of Schwalm (south) and Eder (north).

The north of the castle forest, southwest of the forest and the basement Oberhessische threshold join as part of the Rhine -Weser watershed Rothaargebirge with the Vogelsberg.

The many valleys in the West led Hessian and sink the country to the formation of loess soils, therefore prevail here arable landscapes.


Among the mountains and elevations of the West Hessian country - sorted by height in meters ( m) above mean sea level ( MSL; unless otherwise called out loud):

  • Desert Garden ( 675.3 m) - Kellerwaldsteig
  • High Lohr ( 656.7 m) - Kellerwaldsteig
  • Large Aschkoppe ( 639.8 m) - Kellerwaldsteig
  • Tall grass ( 614.8 m) - Hawk Forest
  • Big Bear Mountain ( 600.7 m) - Hawk Forest
  • High Dörnberg ( 578.7 m) - Hawk Forest
  • Isthaberg ( 523.1 m) - singularity within the Ostwald Ecker edge sinks
  • Weidelsberg ( 492.3 m) - singularity at the interface between Ostwald Ecker edge sinks and Waldecker panel
  • Dog head ( 470.6 m) - northern Oberhessische threshold
  • Heitzelberg ( 467.4 m) - Waldecker panel
  • Water Mountain ( 412.2 m) - central castle forest
  • Mardorfer cap ( 406.8 m) - Lumda Plateau
  • Dachberg (approx. 388 m) - Central Oberhessische threshold
  • Christian Berg ( 387.4 m) - Western Forest Castle
  • Mrs. Berg ( 379.4 m) - Lahnberge
  • Ortenberg ( 379.4 m) - Lahnberge
  • Castle wood ( 379.1 m) - in the west of Oberhessischen threshold
  • Bird hearth ( 369.8 m) - Marburg back
  • Amoeneburg (approx. 365 m) - singularity in Amöneburg Basin

Main rivers of the West Hessian country are the ever from the west, from the Rothaargebirge, coming rivers Diemel (only the right tributaries, north), Eder (center) and Lahn (only left tributaries and river valley, south). While the two rivers of the river system of the Weser in the north- east ( Diemel ) and east (Eder ) open in the West Hessian Depression, the Lahn the highlands leaves after a semi-circular curve in the extreme southwest of the Rhenish Slate Mountains back.

A minimal proportion have right tributaries of the weather, a tributary of the Nidda and thus already part of the river system of the Main, the Middle Vogelsberg in the far south. In addition, open, just below the mouth of the Eder, some left tributaries of Fulda from the hawk forests mountains in the northeast in the Fulda itself.

Table of the major rivers

The following are the main rivers of the West Hessian mountain country, from north to south and internally downstream, ie mostly, ordered from west to east, listed. For a better overview and sorting downstream are, depending on the river system in the DGKZ digits after the number 44 - Diemel, 428 - Eder, 24 - Fulda, 258 - Lahn and 2484 - Weather hyphens inserted. Italics natural areas are outside the West Hessian country italicized basins and outflows include only a portion of the actual value (see footnotes below the table )!

* Lake Eder inflows ** Catchment area and runoff slightly larger than the entry in the table, since the lower reaches are combined with Fulda- sections; *** Outflow value without mouth area in NRW

Schwalm and Ohm

The two by far the longest and water- richest rivers in the table, Schwalm and Ohm has a special role. They both originate in the Vogelsberg, the the ohms after about 45 % of its total length and 27 % of its catchment area with about 35 % of the amount of water leaves ( see also here). The Schwalm, in turn, leaves the Vogelsberg Although noticeably earlier, however, the right side is fed to its mouth of rivers from the mountains Osthessischen to about half its volume of water.

Since the river systems of the two rivers drain several main units, they come more or less to the role of main rivers.

From left in the Schwalm lead, inter alia, following, running in the West Hessian highland rivers:

  • Schwalm Antrift (38,6 km, 115.3 km ², 980.3 l / s, Vogelsberg / Nördl. VV)
  • Wiera ( 14.8 km, 87.8 km ², 589.5 l / s, Oberhessische threshold)
  • Gilsa ( 20.9 km, 93.6 km ², 757.1 l / s, Gils.H. / Keller Forest)
  • Urff ( 20.1 km, 41.7 km ², 494.6 l / s, cellar Forest)

Notable tributaries of middle and lower reaches of the Ohm:

  • Ohm various smaller left tributaries ( Front Vogelsberg )
  • Small (r, 23.2 km, 163.4 km ², 1122.9 l / s, Oberhessische threshold)
  • Wohra (r, 33.8 km, 285.9 km ², 2010.3 l / s, cellar Forest) various smaller left tributaries ( Gils.H. )
  • Schweinfe (r, 13.4 km, 54.6 km ², 412.0 l / s, cellar Forest)
  • Bentreff (r, 13.1 km, 48.9 km ², 267.7 l / s, Nördl. Burgwald )

More natural area transboundary rivers are the Twiste in the northwest, the Kleebach in the southwest and the Wetschaft in the West.

To get the left side of the castle itself and draining Wetschaft forest at the mouth of the creek from the Rothaargebirge coming Treis (r, 16.8 km, 68.2 km ²) with 810 l / s more water than it leads to there own ( 666.2 l / s ), although it has already been fed at the point on the right side of the mountainous border Ostsauerländer.

The Kleebach turn relates even the majority of its water from the Eastern Hintertaunus and only the coming of the right Lückenbach ( 12.0 km, 38.9 km ², 139.7 km ) some water from the Middle Vogelsberg.

By contrast, the Twiste swells may be scarce in Ostsauerländer edge of the mountain, but receives, apart from this source region, all their water from the West Hessian mountain country. Also the Itter in the northern West flows only little water from the eastern slopes of that mountain edge.

Standing water

By far the largest and most important state waters of the West Hessian mountain country is the Lake Eder. Other lakes and reservoirs can be found in the table below: