Wilhelm Albert (engineer)

Wilhelm August Julius Albert ( born January 24, 1787 Hannover, † July 4, 1846 in Clausthal ) was a Hanoverian Captian. He is considered the inventor of the wire rope.


The son of the mayor of Hanover Neustadt began in 1803 at the University of Göttingen to study law and then moved on to the mountain specialist. 1806 Albert received his first job as an auditor in the mountain and forest agencies of the Harz mining towns of Clausthal and Zellerfeld. From 1808, he worked as a clerk mountain. 1809 he was appointed Antoine -Marie Heron Park de Ville Fosse to the engineer -in-chief and divisional secretary in the resin division. Along with Ville Fosse worked Albert the description of the mineral wealth of the mining resin. In 1814 he was appointed tithables in Clausthal, 1817, he received the title of Mountain Council awarded and was clerk of the mining authority. Since 1821 he was also responsible for the administration of the coin in Clausthal. In 1825 he was Oberbergrat. After the death of Friedrich Otto Burchard of speeches Albert in 1836 his successor as Hanoverian Captian, ushering in the mining, metallurgy, and Forestry on the largest part of the resin. 1841 Albert was appointed associate member of the State Council in the Kingdom of Hanover.

During his tenure, Albert supported the Mining and Forestry School in Clausthal and the miners' beings on the resin. Furthermore, he introduced a new fire order. 1833 commissioned Albert, together with mountain captain of speeches Mount jury Georg Ludwig Doerell to test a constructed from art boys Lichtenberg model of driving skills in the mirror Thaler Hope alignment shaft in practice. After the successful test of the installation of the driving skills was carried out on all Upper Harz mines and a little later the Harz driving skills was spread throughout Europe.

The conveyor chains used to date often tore after prolonged use. This phenomenon, which fatigue was then explained by the damage caused by overloads. Albert built a machine, which exposed a chain of a frequently repeated stress. He found that in addition to the load, especially the frequency of stress for fatigue shall prevail. With Albert the systematic study of the fatigue strength begins even before Wöhler. 1834 Albert undertook with the assistance of Heinrich August Pochsteigers They Mumme in the courtyard of Clausthal coin first experiments with a rope made ​​of woven iron wire, which should replace the previously common Harz chains. After a successful test on the pit Caroline found the " Albert braid " quickly in the domestic and foreign mining and beyond dissemination.

During the night from 15th to September 16th, 1844 Clausthal was hit by fire. Albert looked that night in person at the fight the fire with and suffered from overexertion a health breakdown. 22 months later he died. The funeral service took place with participation of the Upper Harz population in a procession with torch-bearers, and the dignitaries of the city. About 500 miners with pit lights, beyond the forest and steel workers with torches stood by trellis.

Albert's tomb in the Old Cemetery in Clausthal in 1934 was remodeled in the course of the 100-year celebration of the invention of the wire to a small mausoleum. In Clausthal- Zellerfeld the " Oberbergrat Albert School" bears his name.