William A. Newell

William Augustus Newell ( born September 5, 1817 in Franklin, Ohio; † August 8, 1901 in Allentown, New Jersey ) was an American politician and 1857-1860 Governor of the State of New Jersey, and 1880-1884 of the 11th Governor of Washington territory.

Early years and political rise

William Newell attended schools in New Brunswick ( New Jersey) and then the Rutgers College, before he studied until 1836 at the University of Pennsylvania until 1839 medicine. He then worked as a doctor in Allentown. Between 1847 and 1851 Newell was a member of the Whig representative in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington. After joining the newly formed Republican Party, he was nominated by this in 1856 as a candidate for the upcoming gubernatorial election.

Governor of New Jersey

After his election victory Newell took up his new post on January 20, 1857. During his tenure, the Union County and three other cities were established and improved the water supply of cities. In these years, shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War, the issue of slavery in New Jersey has been hotly debated. As a Republican, Newell was an opponent of the institution. He also advocated tax cuts and set a balanced budget. Also, the school system has had a few improvements. Newell's tenure as Governor of New Jersey ended January 17, 1860.

Even after his governorship Newell remained politically active. In the years 1860 and 1864 he was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions, on each of which Abraham Lincoln was nominated as a presidential candidate. Between 1865 and 1867 he was again a deputy in the U.S. House of Representatives. After the end of the legislature, he worked as a doctor again. But he also undertook several unsuccessful attempts to be re-elected to Congress. In 1877 his attempt again governor of New Jersey failed to become. Reasons for its electoral defeats in that time were his dismissive attitude towards immigrants in general and a rejected clemency during his time as governor.

Territorial Governor in Washington

In 1880, Newell was appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes as the new governor of the Washington Territory. This office he held from 1880-1884. Again, he campaigned for a tax cut and the cultural adaptation of the Indians. In 1883, that during his tenure, presented the railway company Northern Pacific Railway, a rail link between Tacoma and the east. Even then, many Chinese came to the area. The was also used in railway construction. As in other western states such as California, there was soon in Washington to tensions between the various ethnic groups that should be escalated under Newell's successor Watson C. Squire.

After the end of his governorship in Washington Territory Newell was a year long Indian Commissioner of the Federal Government in this area. Then he settled in Olympia, where he worked as a doctor for another 14 years. After the death of his wife Joanna Van Deursen, with whom he had three children, he came back in 1899 at the age of 82 years to Allentown in New Jersey. There he died on August 8, 1901.

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