William Pitt Kellogg

William Pitt Kellogg ( born December 8, 1831 in Orwell, Addison County, Vermont; † August 10, 1918 in Washington DC ) was an American politician and 1873-1877 Governor of the State of Louisiana. He also represented his state in both chambers of the U.S. Congress.

Early years and political rise

William Kellogg attended a private school in Norwich. In 1848 he moved to Peoria, Illinois. There he worked as a teacher, while he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1853. Then he moved to Canton to work in his new profession as a lawyer.

At that time he was also co-founder of the Republican Party in Illinois. On the national party of his party, he became friends with Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Kellogg was at the next presidential election, one of its electors. After winning the election, Lincoln appointed him in 1861 to the Supreme Judge in the Nebraska Territory. This office he held until 1865. Meanwhile, he was a colonel in the Union army, but had to for health reasons soon retire from the military service. On April 13, 1865 one day before his assassination, President Lincoln appointed him to head the customs authority at the port of New Orleans (Collector of the port). This letter of appointment should Lincoln's last official document remain in his post. Kellogg held that office until 1868.

Senator and Governor

After Louisiana was officially incorporated in 1868 returned to the United States, Kellogg was sent as a Class 3 senator in the U.S. Senate. There he represented between July 9, 1868, November 1, 1872, the interests of his state.

In 1872 he ran for the office of governor of Louisiana. His opponent was Democrat John McEnery. The election was overshadowed scarce and electoral fraud on both sides. There were two different selection committees, each McEnery and Kellogg declared the election winner. Making matters worse was that the incumbent Governor Henry C. Warmoth intervened in favor of McEnery in the electoral process. Finally, President Ulysses S. Grant decided that Kellogg had won the election. This was already resigned on 1 November 1872 by its mandate in the U.S. Senate. His seat in the Senate at first remained vacant because the position is filled in the time of political unrest, Louisiana was highly controversial. 1974 tried to overthrow these violent opponents Kelloggs. The racist covenant " White League " came with 5000 armed men in Louisiana, trying to bring the politician John McEnery to power. Kellogg called federal troops to help. In the so-called Battle of Liberty Place (Battle of Liberty Place ) the power of the insurgents could be broken. It cost about 100 people their lives. James B. Eustis was elected to Kellogg's successor until the year 1876. William Kellogg took office as Governor of Louisiana on January 13, 1873. However claimed to September 20, 1873 also McEnery this post. This was only after the occurred on this day the president's decision. In Kellogg's four years in office, it was in Louisiana to further unrest and riots. The Democrats accused him of corruption and mismanagement. An impeachment proceedings were brought against him, but failed in the Senate from Louisiana. William Kellogg was to remain until 1980, the last Republican governor of Louisiana.

Second term as senator and congressman

In 1876, Kellogg succeeded despite him against hostile mood in Louisiana to re- dip in the U.S. Senate. As a Class 2 senator, he took over from Joseph R. West. This time, graduated from Kellog a full six -year term in Congress. He held office from March 4, 1877, and March 3, 1883. In the Senate he was chairman of the railroad committee.

In 1882 he gave up another candidate whose success would have been questionable due to the majorities in Louisiana anyway. Its seat was awarded to Randall L. Gibson. Between 1883 and 1885 he was a delegate in the U.S. House of Representatives. After the end of this mandate, he withdrew into retirement. He remained in Washington, where he died in 1918. William Kellogg was married to Mary E. Willis.