Willie Person Mangum

Willie Person Mangum ( born May 10, 1792 Orange County, North Carolina, † September 7, 1861 in Red Mountain, North Carolina ) was an American politician. He represented the state of North Carolina in both chambers of Congress and was a candidate of the Whig Party in the presidential election in 1836.

Beginning of the political career

Willie Person Mangum was born in that part of Orange County, was born from the later, the Durham County. He attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill where he got his degree in 1815 and began to practice as a lawyer in Red Mountain. At the same time he also began a political career. He belonged from 1818 to 1819 the House of Representatives from North Carolina.

After he was twice elected Judge of the Superior Court, he retired on March 4, 1823 Member of the House of Representatives of the United States, where he remained until his resignation on March 18, 1826. As a member of the Democratic Party, he was elected in 1830 in the U.S. Senate. There he represented his country from March 4, 1831 until his resignation on November 26, 1836 During this time he was changed by the Democrats to the National Republicans.; later he was a Whig. One reason for this was that he faced controversial President Andrew Jackson for most topics, including protective tariffs, the nullification and the Second Bank of the United States.

Presidential candidacy

In the presidential elections in 1836 Willie Person Mangum was one of four candidates of the Whigs. The strategy of the party was to defeat by regionally each popular candidates in the various States, the Democratic candidate, Vice President Martin Van Buren, and then, as previously done in 1824 to make the election be decided by the House of Representatives. Mangum came here in the Südatlantikstaaten; be a candidate for the vice-presidency was later President John Tyler. In contrast to all other countries, the electoral votes have not been established in South Carolina by a popular election, but by a vote of the state Legislature. This Mangum decided for himself, earning him eleven votes in the Electoral College. However, because not enough other states have been obtained, the strategy of the Whigs did not go on; Van Buren became president.

On November 25, 1840 Mangum returned to the U.S. Senate. He had the by-election to the mandate of the retired Bedford Brown successfully challenged in Congress and was from then on to the main allies of the Whig Party leader Henry Clay. He was following the resignation of Senator Samuel L. Southard 1842-1845 President pro tempore of the Senate and thus first successor of President Tyler, who had risen after the death of William Henry Harrison in the highest office, and after the former Constitution no new Vice-President could rely.

Mangum remained until March 3, 1853 at the Senate. The year before, he had refused to him and accumulated by the Whig nomination for U.S. vice president under Winfield Scott. When his party began to disintegrate shortly thereafter, Mangum came in 1856 with the American party. However, he took no political office, again worked as a lawyer and died in 1861 at the effects of a stroke. With his wife, Charity Alston Cain, whom he married in 1819, Mangum had five children; her only son died shortly before his father in the first battle of Bull Run.