Worker and Kolkhoz Woman
Worker and Kolkhoz Woman (Russian Рабочий и колхозница, Rabotchi i kolchosniza ) is a more than 20 -meter-high sculpture in the style of Socialist Realism Stalinist embossing. The figure group is located in Moscow.
The 24.5 -meter-high sculpture was created by the Russian sculptor Vera Mukhina. After the delayed approval for this group of figures in particular the objections of Prime Minister Molotov as Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars and member of the government commission an expert opinion was due, the consent was made on 11 November 1936.
After only three months of construction, the monument was completed in March 1937. On March 19, 1937, broken down into 60 items figural group was run in 24 wagons to Paris to crown the Soviet pavilion at the opened on March 25, 1937 World's Fair. This was 35 meters high and was designed by architect Boris Iofan.
Then, during the reign of Joseph Stalin, the plastic in front of the north entrance of the former " All-Union Agricultural Exhibition " in Moscow (now the All-Russian Exhibition Centre) was placed on a granite pedestal. In 2003 she was dismantled for restoration. After six years and a restoration, (seventy million euros ) to have cost three billion rubles, which has been thoroughly cleaned and repaired steel surface of the heroic worker pair shimmers meanwhile back in authentic splendor.
Since 1947 it is also the emblem of the Soviet, and later Russian, film company Mosfilm.
Restoration and re-erection
On the occasion of the preparations for the Expo 2010 planned the city of Moscow, to restore the monument after decades of failure to care work now fundamentally. In the fall of 2003, the sculpture was dismantled by previous investigations. The plan was to re-establish the " peace prospectus " (Russian проспект Мира ) on the Soviet pavilion at the World Exhibition of 1937 -inspired building in about 36 m height in 2005. Since the EXPO - 2010 did not take place in Moscow, it was due to lack of money and unresolved questions about the site to delays in the reconstruction of the plastic.
The monument was finally erected on 28 November 2009 at an increased by 10 meter pedestal again before the All-Russia Exhibition Centre ( VVC ). With the new base height of 34.5 meters, the figure now reached a total height of about 59 meters.
The creator Mukhina said to have been disappointed in the establishment in Moscow both the "low" base as well as about the place before the exhibition grounds, because the monument would require " free size" for developing its effect. Stalin is said to have made this decision because of the alleged dependence of the monument to the classical sculpture of tyrannicide.