A wreath, derived from the Old High German word " krenzen " ( " entwine " ), is a ring-shaped arrangement in contrast to the assembly of materials, in the strict sense in most cases a binding together of leaves, flowers and branches.
Meaning and historical usage
→ Main article Corona ( Antiquity)
Since at least the 5th century BC, the " victor's crown " is a symbol of victory.
In ancient Greece, wreaths or branches of certain plants and trees formed the prize in sports and music competitions, such as the laurel wreath at the Pythian Games in Delphi, or oak branch at the Olympic Games in Olympia.
In the Roman Empire wreaths were given as awards, of oak leaves as a " corona civica " for the rescue of a Roman citizen from danger to life or in the form of battlements as " corona muralis " for the first ascent of enemy city walls in a siege.
Wreaths were also replicated in metal; of them developed the crown.
" Wreaths " in the narrow sense
- Floral wreath
- Bridal wreath
- Grüner Kranz ( " bridal wreath " ) from myrtle
- Laurel wreath
- Myrtle (former wedding custom )
- Orange flower wreath
- Funeral Wreath
" Wreaths " in the broader sense
- Bottle rim ( " Kuemmerlingkranz " )
- Frankfurter Kranz
- " Ring oscillator ", one wrestler who has won on the popular mainly in Switzerland variant of wrestling for several wrestling festivals a price
- Box ring
- Socks wreath